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Kinematics in one dimension -1

# Kinematics in one dimension -1

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For 11th moving students
For 11th moving students

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12/31/2013

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1
- A particle moves from A to B, without changing direction with constant speed v
1
and then moves fromB to A with constant sped v
2
without changing direction. In this total motion, what is average speed?
2
- Let x(t) ,the position coordinate of a particle moving on a line , at time t is changing with time asx(t) = -24 + 8 t + 2 t
2
, where x (t) is in meters and t is in seconds, then(i) at what time t, the particle crosses the origin ?(ii) find the displacement in first second of motion.(iii)find average velocity in time interval t = 1 to t = 3 seconds.
3
- Let x(t) , the position coordinate of a particle moving on a line , at time t is -24 + 8 t - t
2
, where x(t) is in meters and t is in seconds, then(i) at what time ( or times ) the particle will be seen at the origin ?(ii) at what time the particle will reach at same position where it was at time t =0?(iii) if at two instants of time t =t
1
and t = t
2
, the particle is found at same position then what could be thepossible relation between t
1
and t
2
. ?
4
- Let x(t) be the position coordinate of a particle moving on a line , at time t . For few particles theexpression of x (t) is given as following:(i) x (t) = 5 + 10 t (ii) x (t) = - 5 + 6 t (iii) x (t) = 8 t (iv) x (t) = 5 - 10 t(v) x (t) = - 10 t (vi) x (t) = 5 (vii) x (t) = 5 + 10 t t
2
(viii) x (t) = 10 t
3
(ix) x (t) = 2 /( t + 5)
From above details of motion, select the situations where following conditions are satisfied:
(a) uniform motion (b) non uniform motion(c) rest condition (d) initial position is coinciding with origin
5
- Let there be three particles A , B and C moving
uniformly
on the x- axis. Some features of the motionsof A, B and C are described. Using these, form the expression of x (t) for each particle:A : initially i.e, at time t =0, x = -20 m and velocity is 4 ms
-1
in positive x- directionB: initially i.e at t =0, x = 10 m and velocity is 2 ms
-1
in negative direction.C: at times t = 1s, x = 6 m, and at time t = 3 s, x = 16 m.
6
- Two particles A and B are situated initially at x = -30 and x =20 m respectively. The particle A canmove with uniform speed 6 ms
-1
and B can move with uniform speed 4 ms
-1
. If both A and B started tomove from time t =0, when and where A and B will meet in following conditions:(i) both A and B moves in positive x –direction(ii) A moves in positive x –direction but B moves in negative x direction.
7
- The position (x) – time (t) graph fro the particles P and Qare shown in the fig.(i) Which of P and Q is at rest ? (ii) Which of P and Q is moving uniformly ?(iii) Who is nearest to the origin initially? (iv) What is the velocity of P ?(iv) Write down the expression of x (t) for P?(v) What is the separation between P and Q at time t= 3 ?
8
- Draw the x(t) – t graph for the motions described by Q 4 (i), 4(iii) , 4 (iv) and 4 (v).
9
-Position x(t) –time (t) equations in a straight line motion for some particles are given asfollowing :(i)x (t) = 5 + 4 t (ii) x (t) = 5 + 4 t + t
2
(iii) x (t) = 4 t(iv) x (t) = 5 (v) x (t) = 4 t 2 t
2
(vi) x (t) = 5 + 4 t + t
2
–t
3
Which of these corresponds to(a) uniform motion i.e. motion with constant velocity (b) rest condition(c) uniformly accelerated motion (d) non uniformly accelerated motionX(t)
10
-
Four particles A, B
, C and D
are moving on the x- axis. Their characteristics of each motion is described asfollowing :Particle
A:

is moving in positive x- direction with constantvelocity; time
Particle
B
:
is moving in positive x- direction with increasing speed;Particle
C :
is moving in the positive x –direction with decreasing speed ;
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Particle D: is moving in negative x- direction with decreasing speed.
In the given position- time i.e. x-t graph
mark
correctly A, B C and D.
11
-
Let a particle moves with uniform velocity on the x-axis. If at times t= 1 and t = 4 , itspositions( x ) are 20 m and -16 m respectively, then the particle must be at the
origin
at time t=
12
-Position x(t) – time (t) graph for a particle moving on a line is shown.What is the ratio of the velocities at the instants t =2 & t =4 ?
13
- Position x(t) – time (t) graph for a particle moving ona line is shown. What is represented by the slope of the line AB ?
14
- Position x(t) – time (t) graph for a particle moving on a line is shown.What is represented by the slope of the tangent drawn at the pointA of the graph ?(a)velocity at time t = T
0
(b) velocity at time t = T’
15
- A particle is moving on the x – axis. Its position at time t is x = 12+8t – t
2
.
(i)
Is the motion uniformly
(ii)
What is the velocity at the time t =0?
(iii)
When the particle stops momentarily? What is the displacement in 3
rd
secondof the motion
?(iv)
Draw v-t graph.
16
- If position x= t
2
at time t for a particle moving on x-axis, then
(i)
average velocity ,in time interval t = 0.95 to t = 1.05 , will be nearly......
(ii)
the velocity at the instant t = 1 will be ...............From these two answers what we should conclude?
17
- The velocity v of a particle moving on a straight line is changing with time t as v= 10-4t m/s.(i)Find displacement in first 4 seconds(ii)Find the displacement in 4
th
second of motion.(iii)Will displacement in 3
rd
second of motion and distance covered in 3
rd
secondwill be same?(iv)Find distance covered in 3
rd
second of motion(v)If the position of the particle at time t =0 is at x = 16 m, get the expression of the x(t),(vi)Draw x(t) t graph.
18
- Mark
true /false
in the following statements regarding motion on a
straight line
:(i) The slope of position-time graph equals velocity.(ii) The slope of velocity-time graph equals acceleration .(iii)Area under the velocity –time graph ,equals displacement.(iv) Area under the displacement –time graph ,equals velocity.(v) Slope of the velocity-time graph equals displacement.(vi) If the acceleration is constant, velocity-time graph will be of straight line shape.(vii) Area under the acceleration-time graph equals change in the velocity.(viii) If velocity of a particle at time t sec is 5t m/s, then acceleration is zero at time t=0.(ix) If the velocity is constant then displacement-time graph will be of straight line shape.(x) If the acceleration-time graph is parallel to the time axis, then velocity will be constant.
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19
- A particle is moving on a line which extends along west-east. The east is along positive x-direction. At time t =0, velocity of the particle is 12 ms
-1
towards west and position of theparticle is at x= 16 m. The acceleration of the particle is 4 ms
-2
in east direction.(i)The particle will momentarily stop at position x =(a)0 m (b) 2 m (c) 2m (d) -4 m(ii)The particle will be seen at the position x = 16 m again at time t =(a) 6 s (b) 3 s (c) 4 s (d) 12 s(iii)The particle’s displacement in n
th
second will be(a)4n +14 m in east (b) 4n +10 m in east (c) 4n -14 m in east20- For the previous problem, position x(t)-time (t) graph will look like as given in
21-
Velocity-time graph for a particle a particle moving ona straight line is shown. Which of the following two ‘position-time’graph may correctly represent this motion ?
22
- Position x(t) –time (t) graph for a particle moving on a lineis shown. Mark true / false against following statements:(i)velocity of the particle at time t =3 is zero(ii)velocity at time t =2 is 5 m/s(iii)at time t =8, the direction of motion is reversed(iv)distance covered in total 14 sec is 52 m(v)displacement in 4
th
second of motion is 16 m.(vi)displacement from time t =2 s to t = 8 s, will be 28 m(vii)acceleration at time t =5 s , is zero
23
- Position x(t) –time (t) graph for a particle moving on a lineis shown. Mark
true / false
against following statements:(i)at time t = T
0
, the particle is momentarily at rest.(ii)direction of motion is in negative x- direction before time T
0
(iii) speed of the particle is decreasing from time t =0 to T
0
(iv)acceleration is zero at time t =T
0
(v)direction of acceleration is along direction of motion at time < T
0
(vi)direction of acceleration is along direction of motion at time > T
0
(vii)direction of acceleration is always along positive x –direction
24
- Acceleration-time graph for a particle moving on a lineis shown where acceleration and time are in SI unit system. Theparticle was initially i.e. at time t =0, at rest.(i)velocity at time t =6 s will be ...........(ii)velocity will be of maximum magnitude at time t =.....(iii) displacement in time interval t =2 to t = 4 will be ......
25
-In the previous problem, how the
velocity-time
‘ graph will look like ?
26
- Examine the following position-time graph and then commentwhether such graph is possible or not ?
27
- For uniformly accelerated particle , moving along a line the
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