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Conflict and Conscience - The Albigensian Crusade

Conflict and Conscience - The Albigensian Crusade

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This thesis is a case study on ethics within war.
This thesis is a case study on ethics within war.

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Published by: Kaloniros on May 06, 2013
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 CONFLICT AND CONSCIENCE: IDEOLOGICAL WAR AND THE ALBIGENSIAN CRUSADEA thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. ArmyCommand and General Staff College in partialfulfillment of the requirements for thedegreeMASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCEMilitary History byJOHN W. BAUER, MAJ, USAB.S., United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, 1995Fort Leavenworth, Kansas2007Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
 
 
REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining thedata needed, and completing and reviewing this collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducingthis burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currentlyvalid OMB control number.
PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS.
 
1. REPORT DATE
(DD-MM-YYYY)
 
15-06-2007
2. REPORT TYPE
 
Master’s Thesis
3. DATES COVERED
(From - To)
 Aug 2006 - Jun 2007
5a. CONTRACT NUMBER5b. GRANT NUMBER
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
CONFLICT AND CONSCIENCE: IDEOLOGICAL WAR AND THEALBIGENSIAN CRUSADE
5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER5d. PROJECT NUMBER5e. TASK NUMBER
6. AUTHOR(S)
 JOHN W. BAUER
5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER
 
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)
U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORTNUMBER
 
ATTN: ATZL-SWD-GD1 Reynolds Ave.Ft
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Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352
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11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORTNUMBER(S)
 
12. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
 
14. ABSTRACT
 
This thesis is a case study on ethics within war. The thirteenth century Albigensian Crusade was a waragainst a heretical religious ideology known as Catharism whose tenets threatened the social order ofEurope. The campaign took place in present-day southern France, a region that was at the heart ofmedieval Christendom. While the Church had recognized the area’s slow decline into heresy for over acentury, only during the papacy of Pope Innocent III did the situation escalate to necessitate armedconflict. Following the papal call to crusade, Christian nobles and knights from France and Germanyformed an ad hoc army that waged a war of occupation for two decades (1209-1229) against an elusiveenemy. Despite the military accomplishments of the Crusade, the most important factor leading to itseventual victory was moral. In the end, the nobles and citizens of the region were persuaded to abandontheir sympathies towards the Cathar heretics, not through violent coercion but by winning their heartsand minds. This case study’s particular emphasis on the moral challenges of this
 
unique type ofideological war offers a historical parallel with the Global War on Terrorism that our nation
 
engagesin today.
 
15. SUBJECT TERMS
 
Crusade, Medieval, Warfare, Just War, Ideological, Religious
16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATIONOF ABSTRACT18. NUMBEROF PAGES19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON
 
a. REPORT
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Standard Form 298 (Re. 8-98)
 
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 iiMASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCETHESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: Major John W. Bauer Thesis Title: Conflict and Conscience: Ideological War and the Albigensian CrusadeApproved by:, Thesis Committee Chair Edward L. Bowie, M.A., Member Thomas M. Huber, Ph.D., Member Brian R. Voorhees, M.A.Accepted this 15th day of June 2007 by:, Director, Graduate Degree ProgramsRobert F. Baumann, Ph.D.The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are those of the student author and do notnecessarily represent the views of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College or any other governmental agency. (References to this study should include the foregoingstatement.)

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