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Homeland Seecurty Presidential Directives

Homeland Seecurty Presidential Directives

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Published by nwright_bester
Answer to a discussion question on the issues found in the government and the Department of Homeland Security
Answer to a discussion question on the issues found in the government and the Department of Homeland Security

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Published by: nwright_bester on Jun 06, 2013
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09/30/2013

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Unit 3 Assessment Question Monday 6 May 2013
1.
Homeland Security Presidential Directives:Read the summaries of HSPD 1-10. Which of these HSPDs was most important? Examine thefull text of that HSPD, and present the specific elements that you think have most improved our ability to prevent, protect, respond, and/or recover from terrorism. If you could choose toimplement one other HSPD directive, which directive would it be, and why?
In reading each of the Homeland Security Presidential Directives (HSPD) 1-10 Ifound each of the directives has its equal share of importance in comparing one to theother. The directives begins with establishing who is responsible for what area in the
first directive and moves to securing the nation’s borders, to establishing a
system withone vocabulary for Federal, State, and local government to use; to policies andproce
dures on how to handle weapons of mass destruction. It doesn’t stop there.
Directive-5 begins with policies on how to handle domestic incidents, to directive-6 onintegration and use of screening information; to critical infrastructure identification,priorization, and protection. The directive continue with directive-8, nationalpreparedness, to the defense of the United States Agriculture and Food, and finallydirective-10 biodefense for the 21
st
century. After reading all of the 10 PresidentialDirectives, even though equal in importance, there are three directives I found to bemost important: Directive-1; Directive-4; Directive-10.The Directive-1 is called the Organization and Operation of the Homeland SecurityCouncil and the title speaks for itself. The directive introduces three committees andtheir responsibilities and tasks. This establishes a foundation on the war againstterrorist by having each Federal, State, and local government knowing andunderstanding their role in the event of preventing, protecting, responding, and/or recovering from a terrorist organization. In one of the committees, the HomelandSecurity Council Policy Coordination Committees introduces eleven functional areas for the committee to create policies within in order to fight terrorism. The eleven areaswere Detection, Surveillance, and Intelligence; Plans, Training, Exercises, andEvaluation; Law Enforcement and Investigation; Weapons of Mass DestructionConsequence Management; Key Asses, Border, Territorial Waters, and AirspaceSecurity; Domestic Transportation Security; Research and Development; Medical andPublic Health Preparedness; Domestic threat Response and Incident Management;Economic Consequences; and Public Affairs.The Directive-4 is called the National Strategy to Combat Weapons of MassDestruction and the details of this directive is to take advantage of the technology of theworld and use it to protect and prevent weapons of mass destruction from ending up in
 
the wrong hands. This directive has three principle pillars: Counterproliferation toCombat WMD Use, Strengthened Nonproliferation to Combat WMD Proliferation, andConsequence Management to Respond to WMD Use. Counterproliferation to CombatWMD Use explains how the U.S. military and civilian agencies will be trained to deter and defend against a full range of possible WMD employment scenarios. StrengthenedNonproliferation to Combat WMD Proliferation takes traditional measures and usesthem to other states and introduce them for a result of less threatening from terroristorganizations to the state. These traditional measures were diplomacy, arms control,multilateral agreements, threat reduction assistance, and export controls. ConsequenceManagement to Respond to WMD Use prepared the United States in the event toneeding a response to the use of WMD against the United States. Each of these pillarsare used on the basis of intelligence collection and analysis on WMD, delivery systems,and related technologies; research and development to improve our ability to respond toevolving threats; bilateral and multilateral cooperation; and targeted strategies againsthostile states and terrorists.The Directive-10 is titled Biodefense for the 21
st
Century. This directive explains aneed for the United States to continue to seek measures of improving their technologyand intelligence efforts on biological technology. There has been several tasks thegovernment has accomplished in making the 21
st
Century have a better chance in beingprepared for a biological attack. The United States has mobilized biomedical researchinfrastructure and expanded international research relationships as well as establishedmedical and public health infrastructure that is being revitalized and expanded. Someof the accomplishments the United States has made in this area are expandedinternational efforts, launched the Proliferation Security Initiative to stem the traffickingin WMD, established the BioWatch program, a network of environmental sensors todetect biological weapons attacks against major cities in the United States, and manyothers. The three directives each offers the United States chances to protect, prevent,and respond as well as recover from an attack.ReferencesU.S. Senate Summary of Legislation to Create the Department of HomelandSecurity. (2004). Homeland Security Presidential Directive. Washington, DC: U.S.Government Printing Office.

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