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messenger-no66

messenger-no66

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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
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05/11/2014

T h eE S O C o u n c il V is its C h ile
H .V A NDE R M A N ,D ire c to r G e n e ra l,E S O
1 21 2 .9 1
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th a Ineugw aho fth eL iS OE x h iib lto na t th eU n iv m id e dd a C h ic
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T h e d is p la yw it1 rem aino p e ntoth ep u b licu n til fh ea n d
ofJam m y1 9 9 2 ,W h m a fie rI t w lllb e
bans-
toL gSm na fo r&My
d rv in gth ea n n u a lsu m m erfa irI nth a tc ity .F r o mth e r eI t
ktw
tm v&
to A n to -a .
Inm yd is c o u rs e1e m p h a s iz e dth a t th e
W ty
o fa n y
re s e a rc he n te rp ris ed e
p e n d sfirs ta n dfo re m o s to ni t shum an
re s o u rc e s .T h e
m ost im p o rta n tc o n d i-
tio n
fo rth es u c c e s s fu le la b o ra tio n
o f
E S O 's
p a rtn e rs h ip
w lth
C h lle 's
a s -
fronom y c e m rn u n ltyI s th a t c o m m u n ity 's
a b ilityt oa ttra c tm oreta le n tsfro mth e
body
o fs tu d e n tsw kh
In teresti ns c i -
ence,t oa s tro n o m y . T h isp o in tw as a ls o
d is c u s s e d w ithc a reI n tw os e p a ra tea u -
d ie n c e sw ithtw oo fC M le 's
m in is te r s ,
D onR ic a rd oL a g o sa n dD onE d g a r d o
B o e n in ~ e r,
inth ew eekb e fo re .
T h en e x td a y ,C o u n c il tr a v e lle db ya ir
taA n to fa g a s taa n do n w a rd st oP a r a n a l
byb u s.T h es ta rkd e s e r tla n d sca p a w as
a d m ire db y th ed e lg a t e s ,som eo fw hom
v ls ita d A ta m a fo rth efirs t tim e .O n th e
to po f th em o u n ta h , th e yw erere c e iv e d
b yv a rio u sm em berso f th e\u20acS O
staff,
In c lu d in gth o s ew hoh a v eb e e n re s p o n -
s ib lefo rth elo n g -te rm
sh ette s tin gth a t
fin a llyle dt oth ea c c e p ta n c eo fPam al
a s th eV L Ts h e .T h e re w as a m p leo p p o r-
tu n ltyt o
ln s p &
th e
p ro g re s so fth e
le v e llin go f th eto p (In c lu d in gab igb la s t
th a td a y !)a n dt og e taW ln gf w
th e
u n u s u a lw o rk ln ga n d liv in gc o n d lo n sa t
th isre m o tes ite .I n th ee v e n in g ,C ouncH
re tu rn e dt oA n to fa g a s taa n ds p e n tthe
n ig h tth e re .Av is Rw asm ngedt oth e
s ltei nth eo u ts k irtso f th eto w nw h e re
E S OI sa c q u ir in gas m a ll p ro p e rtyfo rI t s
M u re in s ta lld o n si nth a tc tty .
C o u n c ille ftA n to fa g a s taInth ee a rly
a fle m o o no fD ecem ber4 ,fle w
t o
L a
% ens(L a d e c o , th e in tm d C h lle a na ir -
lin e ,h a db e e nc o n v in c e dt om akea n
u n s c h e d u le ds to pt h e r e )a n do nt o
L a
S illa
b y
E S O
b u s .
H em
th e
C o u n c il
m e m b e rs w e rem etb y th et aS H las ta ff
a n ds p e n t th ere s to f th ed a y in fo rm in g
th e m s e lv e sa b o u tth es ta teofa ffa irsa t
E S O 's m aintn sta lIa tlo n ,a n da ls oa b o u t
th ep re p a ra tk n sfo rth em ovet oS a ri-
tia g oo fp a r to fth es ta ff,Inp a rtl~ u
ta rth e
A d m in ls tra th n ,t ow ininth e c o u rs eo f
1 9 9 2 .
Inth ee v e n in g , v is lts w e rea rra n g e dt o
th e
v a rio u ste le s c q m .
T h e
sky
w as
d ea ra n dth e rew asab e a u tifu lv ie wo f
th es u n s e to v e r th eP a c lf~ c ,
atth ep re s -
e n t tim ew ithap a rtic u la rlys t r o n gre d
h u ed u et oth ed u s tI nth e h l~ h& n o -
s p h e re fro mth ee ru p tlo ne a r lie r th isy e a r
o f th eP ln a tu b av o lc a n oo nth eP h ilip -
p in e s( c f . th ep h o too np a g e6 8 ).T h e n
th em a r v e llo u ss o u th e rn& y
cam ein to
v ie w ,a d d in gth isg ra n d e s to f a ll In s p lra -
tio n s
In
a s tro n o m yt o
th e
d e le g a te s '
m anyim p re s s to n s .
fh ea c tu a l C o u n c ilr n e e t ln g tm kp la c e
o nD ecem ber4(InA n to fa g a s ta ),5(atL a
S illa )a n d6( in th eU NC E P A L b u ild in gIn
S a n tia g o )a n d
dealtw ith
an n u rn b % rd
Im p o rta n tm a tte rs . C o u n c liw as p le a s e d
t ole a rn th a t th eV L Tp r o j e c ti sp r o c e e d -
In g
a o c w d in g
t o
th e
fo r-n
tim e
s c h e d u lea n d ,i np a rtic u la r,w R h inth e
g re e db u d g e tfram e.T h ere c e n ts u c -
c e s s fu lp r o d d o n
o fth efirs t8 -m e tm
b la n ka t S c h o ttfo rth eV LT{w h ic hs tlll
h a stob ec e r a m im din to th ez e ro -w p m -
s io nZ e ro d u rm a te ria l)w asn o te dw ith
e n th u s lm rn .T h ep la n n in g
o fth eV L T
in s tru m e n h tio nI s p r o g m ln ga tagw d
p a c e
(c f,
th e
o v e rv ie w
a rtic le
In
M essengerW ,p .1 Q
S e p te m b e r1 8 9 1 ).
A n o th e rim p o rta n ta g e n d a Ite mw asa
th o ro u g hd F s c u a s lo na b o u t th ere la tio n s
w ithth eh o s ts ta teo fo u ro b se r v a to r ie s,
s u m m in gu pm oreth a n2 5y e a rso fex& -
le n t
w lla b o ta tlo n
b e tw e o n
\u20ac S O
a n d
C h ile ,a n d c o n s iM n gh o wi nth efu tu re
th e s eb o n d scanb em ade m o ree ffe c tiv e
s tillt ob o thp a rtn e w ' b e n e fit,n o wth a t
E S Oi sb u ild ln gth eV LTO b s e rv a to ry .
O n M onday,D ecem ber9 ,th sP re d -
d e n to fth e R e p u b llco fC h ile , D onP a M c io
A y lw inA z o c a r ,g ra n te da n a u d ie n c et oa
s m a llE S Od e le g a tto n ,h e a d e db yP ro f.
F ra n c o
P a c in i,P re s id e n to fth e
E S O
C o u n d l. P m ld e n t A y lw inw asin fo n n s d
a b o u tt h es ta teo fd e v e lo p m e n to fo u r
O rganlzatbn,i nw h ic hh e e x p rm e da
k e e n ,a p p re c ia tiv eIn te re s t.T h eE S Od e
le g a tio ne x p r e s s e dR sg ra titu d efo rth e
h o s p ita lN ya n d s u p p o rt fro mth eR e p u b -
I lc 'sa u th o ritie sd u rin gth ep a s t2 8y e a rs
a n dlo o k sfo rw a rdt oc o n tin u e dc o lla b -
o ra tio nI n th ed e c a d e st o com e.
M osto fth e
C o u n c ilm e m b e rsr e -
tu rn e dt oE u ro p ea tth ee n do fth e w eek.
W ow
d e p a rtu re ,m any
o fth e m
e x -
p
ds a th fa c tlo na b w tth e v ls h ,b v -
ln gfo u n dItv e ryu s e fu la n d c o n trib u tin g
toth e w o rko f C o u n c il.T h e y cam eaw ay
w ithab e tte ru n d e r s t a n d in go f th oc o n -
d ltio n aa tth erem otes ite sa n d
w e re
v ls lb ly
Im p re s s &
b yth e
\u20ac S O
o p e ra -
tio n s .T h isw o rk in gv is ith a do e m in ly
fu M H e de x p e c ta tio n s .
Are c @ h n
w ash eM
a t th eE s OG u e s th o u s e1
InS a n tia g o ,I nt h e e v e n in go fm
b
e
r2.
V L T C o n tra c ts
A d.T A R E N G H Ia n dR .A d. W EST,
T h e& B m e tre M irro rs
L a s ty e a r,E S O a w a rd e d th ec o n tra c ts
fo rm a n u fa c tu reo f th e8 .2 -m e treb la n k s
t oS c h o ttG la s w e rk eA G
InM a in za n d
fo r th e ir p o lis h in gt oR .E .O .S .C .
inP a ris ,
re s p e c tiv e ly( c f .Messenger5 3 ,p .2a n d
5 7 ,p .3 4 .)
A t S c h o tt,e a c ho f th eth re ea n n e a l-
in g lc e r a m itin go v e n sw asfille dw itha
meniscusb la n k .O n N ovem ber1 2o n e
b la n kcam eo u t a fte rc o m p le tio no f th e
a n n e a lin ga n dw astra n s p o rte d o n t oa
C N C
m a c h in e
fo r
m a c h in in g
t o
th e
d m lre dm e n is c u ss h a p e .
T h isa c tiv ity
W asfo llo w e dim m e d ia te lyb yt h en e x t
cast.
A tR E O S C th en e wb u ild in gre a c h e d
th ero o fin gs ta g eI nO ctober(F ig . 1 ).I n
D ecem berth ein s ta lla tio no f th elN N S E
tu rn ta b le
a n d
S O C O F R A M
c o m p u te r-
c o n tro lle dp o lis h e rw ills ta rt.I ti se x -
p e c te dth a tth en e w8 -rnp o lis h in gfa c -
to ry w illb e re a d y fo r th efirs t te s tso n th e
8 -mdum m yi nA p rH1 9 9 2 .
T he M a in S tru c tu re
O nS e p te m b e r2 4 , a n o th e rm a jo rV L T
c o n tr a c tw ass ig n e d w ithth e"A E SC on-
sortiu m "o fth re eIta lia nc o m p a n ie sd u r-
in g
a
s m a ll
c e re m o n y
a t
th e
E S O
h e a d q u & e rs
inG a rc h in g .I tc o n c e rn s
th ec o n s tru c tio no fth e m a inm e c h a n ic a l
s tru c tu re so f th efo u r8 -mV LT u n it te le -
% opes,e a c ho f w h ic hw illw e ig hm ore
than
4 4 0
to n s
a n d
y e t
must
b e
m a c h in e dw iths u b -m lc ro np r e c is io ni n
o rd e rt o
a llo w
a s tro n o m ic a l obsm a-
tio n so f th e h ig h e s t q u a lity .
T h e C o n s o rtiu mp a r t n e r s a re : A n s a ld o
C o rn p a n e n ti(o fth e
IR IF in r n e c c a n ic a
G roup,le a d e ro fth e
C o n s o ttlu m
a n d
a c tiv eI nth efie ldo fe n e rg yg e n e ra tio n
c o m p o n e n ts ,lo c a te di n
G e n o v a ),E lE
(E u ro p e a nIn d u s tria l E n g in e e r in g ,i nth e
f ie ldo fe n g in e e r in gd e s ig n ,i nM e s tre )
a n dS O IM I(S o c ie talm p ia n ti In d u s tr ia li,
m em ber
o f
th e
A s e a -B ro w n
B o v e ri
(A B B )G ro u p ,a n
in te g ra te dm u lti-s e r-
v ic e
o rg a n iz a tio ns p g c ld iz s d
In
con-
s tru c tio na n dm a in te n a n c eo f in d u s tria l
p la n ts ,i nM ila n ) .
T h ec o n tra c t w ass ig n e db yM e s s rs .
F m c c ioB re s s a n i (D ire c to rG e n e ra lo f
A n s a ld oC o m p o n e n ti),G ia n p ie troM ar-
e llio d(M e m b e ro f th eB o a rdo f E IE )a n d
L u lg iQ iu ffrid a
(M a n a g in gD ire c ta r
o f
S O tM I)on b e h a lfo f th eC o n s o rtiu m ,a n d
b y P ro fe s s o r H a rryv a nd e rL a a n , D ire c -
to rG e n e ra lo fE S O .
Itin c lu d e sth ed e s ig n ,m a n u fa c tu re ,
p re -e re c tio n
a n d
th o ro u g h
te s tin g
i n
E u ro p eo fth efo u rV LTu n itte le s c o p e
s tru c tu re s ,8 8
w e lla sth es u b s e q u e n t
d is m a n tlin g ,p a c k in ga n dtra n s p o rtt o
th e
V L T
O b s e rv a to ry
a tP a ra n a l.T h e
c o n tra c ta l s oc o v e rsth ee re c tio na n d
fin a l te s tin ga tP a ra n a l.
T h eite m st ob e s u p p lie db yth e c o n -
tra c to rsin c lu d ea llo fth es te e ls tru c -
tu re sw h ic hw illc a rryth eo p tic a l m irro r
c e llsa n da s tro n o m ic a l in s tru m e n ts ;a d -
v a n c e dh y d ro s ta ticb e a rin g so nw h ic h
th e s eh e a v ys tru c tu re sw lllre s t;d ire c t
d riv e
m o to rs
w lth
9 -m e tre
d ia m e te r
w h ic hw ill m ove th ete le s c o p e s(th ed e
s ig no fth e s em o to rsi sb a s e do na n
a x ia l,
d u a la ir-g a p
c o n fig u ra tio n
a n d
th e yw illb e som eo fth eb ig g e s te v e r
b u ilt),a n dh ig h - p r e c is io ne n c o d e rsth a t
w illm e a s u reth ee x a c t p o s itio nof
th e
te le s c o p e s ,s o th a t th e yc a nb e c o rre c tly
a n d
a c c u ra te ly
p o in te d .A
s c h e m a tic
d ra w in go fo n eo f th efo u rV L Tu n it te le -
s c o p e s w itha llo f th e s ec o m p o n e n tsi s
show ni nF ig u re2 .
T h lsc o n t r a c tre q u ire sv e ryh ig he n -
g in e e r in gq u a lityw ithre s p e c tt ote c h n i-
c a lr e lia b ility ,s a f e t ya n d life tim ei no rd e r
t og u a ra n te eth ep la n n e dp e rfo rm a n c e
o f th eV LTa n dt ofu llys a tis fyth eh ig h
e x p e c ta tio n so fE u ro p e a na s t r o n o m e r s
inth es c ie n tificc a p a b ilitie so f th e irfu -
tu reg ia n tt e l e s c o p e .F o rth isre a s o n , th e
Ita lia n firm sh a v ed e c id e dt op o o lth e ir
e x te n s iv e
re s o u rc e s
a n d
e x p e rie n c e .
E lE
a n d
A n s a ld o
C o m p o n e n ti
h a v e
m ade
im p o rta n tc o n trib u tio n s
t o
th e
c o n s tru c tio n so fth e
E SO
3 .5 -m
N ew
T e c h n o lo g y
T e le s c o p e ,
in c lu d in g
th e
c o n s tru c tio no fth eo c ta g o n a l,ro ta tin g
b u ild in ga n d
th e
m irro rc e llw itha c -
tu a to rsfo r th ec o m p u te r-c o n tro lle d ,a c -
tiv e -o p tic sM Tm irro r.E IEw asa ls oIn -
v o lv e di ns tu d ie so fth eV LT
dom es.
A n o th e rIta lia nC o n s o rtiu m ,fo rm e db y
A n s a ld oC o m p o n e n ti( le a d e r ) ,C R lVa n d
IN N S E , c o n s tru c ts th e3 .5 -m
G a lile oT e -
le s c o p e fo rIta ly ,atw ino f th eE S OM T.
T h e
c o n s tru c tio n
o fth e
V L T
m a in
structures w ill s ta rtw ith inafe wm o n th s
a n d th ep a rts fo r th efirs to fth efo u r8 -m
te le s c o p e sw illb ed e liv e r e dt oPm al
inla te1 9 9 4 .T h ee re c tio na n dte s tin g
w illb e re a d yi nS e p te m b e r1 9 9 5 , w h e re -
a fte rh eg ia n t m irro rs,w h ic ha r e m ade
InG e rm a n ya n dp o lis h e di nF ra n c e , w ill
b e in s ta lle d .T h e o th e r th re ete le s c o p e s
w ill th e nfo llo wi no n e -y e a rin te rv a ls ,s o
th a tth e
e n tire
V L T
c o m p le xc a n
b e
re a d yi n1 9 9 8 ,ju s to v e r te ny e a rsa fte r
th ed e c is io nb y th eC o u n c ilo fE S Ot o
b u ildth e
w o r ld 's
la rg e s to p tic a lte le
s c o p e .
N extC ontracts
T h ey e a rs
1 9 9 1a n d1 8 9 2re p re s e n t
th e
c u lm in a tio n
o fth e
V LT
p la n n in g
p e rio d .
D u rln g
th e
n e x t
1 2
m o n th s ,
a n d h e rd o z e nV L T
c o n tra c ts
w illb e
a w a rd e d a fte r th en o rm a lte n d e rin g p ro -
c e d u reh a sle dt oth eid e n tific a tio no f
th eb e s t s u p p lie r s .
Among
th e s ec o n tra c tsa reth eM I /
M 3
u n its ,th e
IW 2u n its ,M 2a n dM 3
m irro rs,th e
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