http://www.scarabeus.it – 2009
Let’s Read Together
A Combined GlanceIn the complicated narrative plot and in the many-sided shapes that compose theromance (realism, symbolism, surrealism, grotesque comicality), the unifying factor is the contrast between evil and good.The first one is identifiable in the lust, in the desire for power, in the red tape, inatheism, in selfishness, in hypocrisy, in the lust that enlivens the negativecharacters, mediocre humanity quite integrated in the system.The second one, that not by chance mixes together the cast out and the losers, islove, in all its shapes: love for every living being (Jeshua), love for truth, love of couple.Wherever rationality that gives false security prevails there is evil. Not at random inthe course of the story we find a lot of falling or suffering heads: from the initial beheading of Berlioz to Pilato's headache, from the cut head of the magic show's presenter to the mental confusion of all of the characters that end up in a mental hospital. The head is the icon of evil. Love is Jeshua, is the swallow that may for asecond raise Pilato from the obsession of his role and open before him liberating solutions, is Margarita's power. Bulgakov opposes heart-characters to head-characters, while the contemporary Freud was discovering the same split in theindividual depth.This opposition does not seem possible in the reality of this earth, but only in thefree world of fantasy. What other possibility for an unappreciated artist, whosehistorical horizon saw rise and triumph regimes (one of which he was a direct victimof) united by the organized rational cruelty, child of human presumption? He islucky to have missed seeing the incredible results of scientific rationality...