Do you remember the chain of nucleotides (bases) building the DNAdouble helix? You also shouldrememberthere are four types:there are four types:Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, andAdenine, Thymine, Guanine, andCytosine (A, T, G, and C). We can writeCytosine (A, T, G, and C). We can writeout the DNA string of geneticout the DNA string of geneticinformation in the form of a sequence of information in the form of a sequence of letters such as GATCAGTACC… Aletters such as GATCAGTACC… A
is a complete sequence of DNA basesis a complete sequence of DNA basesthat will cause a function e.g. it maythat will cause a function e.g. it maydefine hair color or cause thedefine hair color or cause theproduction of a specific protein. Theproduction of a specific protein. Thecombination of the basic gene formatscombination of the basic gene formatscauses different genetic functions andcauses different genetic functions andthis accounts for our differences fromthis accounts for our differences fromeach other and from other living things.each other and from other living things.Gene are located inGene are located in
in the nucleus of the cell.in the nucleus of the cell.
Each chromosome in every cellEach chromosome in every cellcontains two versions or strings of contains two versions or strings of