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Dna Profiling Part 1

Dna Profiling Part 1

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Published by Michael_UK
DNA Molecular Structure and PCR Analysis Techniques

A presentation by Nicki
DNA Molecular Structure and PCR Analysis Techniques

A presentation by Nicki

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Michael_UK on May 22, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/19/2010

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Before we startBefore we startdiscussing DNA profilingdiscussing DNA profilingtechniquestechniques
Let’s spend aLet’s spend acouple of minutescouple of minuteslearning a fewlearning a fewadditional,additional,importantimportantconcepts…concepts…
 
 
Do you remember the chain of nucleotides (bases) building the DNAdouble helix? You also shouldrememberthere are four types:there are four types:Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, andAdenine, Thymine, Guanine, andCytosine (A, T, G, and C). We can writeCytosine (A, T, G, and C). We can writeout the DNA string of geneticout the DNA string of geneticinformation in the form of a sequence of information in the form of a sequence of letters such as GATCAGTACC… Aletters such as GATCAGTACC… A
GENEGENE
 is a complete sequence of DNA basesis a complete sequence of DNA basesthat will cause a function e.g. it maythat will cause a function e.g. it maydefine hair color or cause thedefine hair color or cause theproduction of a specific protein. Theproduction of a specific protein. Thecombination of the basic gene formatscombination of the basic gene formatscauses different genetic functions andcauses different genetic functions andthis accounts for our differences fromthis accounts for our differences fromeach other and from other living things.each other and from other living things.Gene are located inGene are located in
CHROMOSOMESCHROMOSOMES
 in the nucleus of the cell.in the nucleus of the cell.
Each chromosome in every cellEach chromosome in every cellcontains two versions or strings of contains two versions or strings of 
 
 
Chromosomes
are long, stringy aggregatesof 
genes
that carry heredity information andthey are always coupled.
Chromosomes
A chromosomestructure, with itsdifferent regions

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