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THE CURRENT NATION-BUILDING PROCESS IN MALAYSIA : A Critical Look at the English-medium of Instruction Policy

THE CURRENT NATION-BUILDING PROCESS IN MALAYSIA : A Critical Look at the English-medium of Instruction Policy

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University essay from Lunds universitet/Centrum för öst- och sydöstasienstudier

Author: Mine Islar; [2007]

Keywords: Nation-building; Malaysia; medium of instruction policy; CDA; dominance; Social sciences; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social Sciences;

Abstract: This study focuses on the dominant political discourses concerning the controversial Malaysian language policy that suggests English as the medium of instruction in mathematics and science courses at the primary level of education. On one hand, the Malaysian government perceives the policy as needed to strengthen its developmental path, on the other hand, the Chinese educationalist community argues that the policy aims to undermine the multicultural structure of Malaysia. In this study, I analyze selected speeches from former and current prime ministers of Malaysia and texts from the Ministry of Education's Official Portal by using the Critical Discourse Analysis. I will argue that the discourses which dominate the public sphere show that language policy serves for the Malaysian nationbuilding project in the name of the development. The Critical Discourse Analysis is a type of discourse analysis which studies the way dominance or social inequality reproduced by texts and talks in the political context.
University essay from Lunds universitet/Centrum för öst- och sydöstasienstudier

Author: Mine Islar; [2007]

Keywords: Nation-building; Malaysia; medium of instruction policy; CDA; dominance; Social sciences; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social Sciences;

Abstract: This study focuses on the dominant political discourses concerning the controversial Malaysian language policy that suggests English as the medium of instruction in mathematics and science courses at the primary level of education. On one hand, the Malaysian government perceives the policy as needed to strengthen its developmental path, on the other hand, the Chinese educationalist community argues that the policy aims to undermine the multicultural structure of Malaysia. In this study, I analyze selected speeches from former and current prime ministers of Malaysia and texts from the Ministry of Education's Official Portal by using the Critical Discourse Analysis. I will argue that the discourses which dominate the public sphere show that language policy serves for the Malaysian nationbuilding project in the name of the development. The Critical Discourse Analysis is a type of discourse analysis which studies the way dominance or social inequality reproduced by texts and talks in the political context.

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Published by: xBlogs on Jun 04, 2009
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05/11/2014

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LUND UNIVERSITYCENTER OF EAST AND SOUTH-EAST ASIAN STUDIESMASTER PROGRAMME IN ASIAN STUDIESEAST AND SOUTH-EAST ASIA TRACK FALL SEMESTER, 2007
 
THE CURRENT
 
NATION-BUILDING PROCESS INMALAYSIAA Critical Look at the English-medium of Instruction Policy
AUTHOR:
MINE ISLAR 
SUPERVISOR:
KRISTINA JONSSON
 
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Abstract
This study focuses on the dominant political discoursesconcerning the controversial Malaysian language policy that suggestsEnglish as the medium of instruction in mathematics and sciencecourses at the primary level of education. On one hand, the Malaysiangovernment perceives the policy as needed to strengthen itsdevelopmental path, on the other hand, the Chinese educationalistcommunity argues that the policy aims to undermine the multiculturalstructure of Malaysia. In this study, I analyze selected speeches fromformer and current prime ministers of Malaysia and texts from theMinistry of Education’s Official Portal by using the Critical DiscourseAnalysis. I will argue that the discourses which dominate the publicsphere show that language policy serves for the Malaysian nation- building project in the name of the development. The Critical DiscourseAnalysis is a type of discourse analysis which studies the waydominance or social inequality reproduced by texts and talks in the political context.
Key words:
 Nation-building, medium of instruction policy, CDA,dominance.
 
3
Acknowledgements
I would like to thank a few people for helping me to carry out thisresearch. A special thanks to the staff in Nordic Institute of AsianStudies for providing me with a workplace and research opportunities. Iam also obliged to my adviser, Kristina Jonsson for her support andconstructive advises.I am very grateful to my parents, Ahmet and Serpil, also my boyfriendMartin for their encouragement and support during my unexpectedhealth situation and thesis writing process.

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