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DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory, Volume 1 of 2

DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory, Volume 1 of 2

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Published by Bob Vines
The Department of Energy Fundamentals Handbook entitled Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory was prepared as an information resource for personnel who are responsible for the operation of the Department's nuclear facilities. Almost all processes that take place in a nuclear facility involve the transfer of some type of energy. A basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory is necessary for DOE nuclear facility operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff to safely operate and maintain the facility and facility support systems. The information in this handbook is presented to provide a foundation for applying engineering concepts to the job. This knowledge will help personnel understand the impact that their actions may have on the safe and reliable operation of facility components and systems.

The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory handbook consists of four modules that are contained in two volumes. The following is a brief description of the information presented in each module of the handbook.

Volume 1 of 2

Module 1 - Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Introduces concepts of atomic physics including the atomic nature of matter, the chart of the nuclides, radioactivity and radioactive decay, neutron interactions and fission, and the interaction of radiation with matter.

Module 2 - Reactor Theory (Nuclear Parameters)

Provides information on reactor theory and neutron characteristics. Includes topics such as neutron sources, neutron flux, neutron cross sections, reaction rates, neutron moderation, and prompt and delayed neutrons.

Volume 2 of 2

Module 3 - Reactor Theory (Nuclear Parameters)

Explains the nuclear parameters associated with reactor theory. Topics include the neutron life cycle, reactivity and reactivity coefficients, neutron poisons, and control rods.

Module 4 - Reactor Theory (Reactor Operations)

Introduces the reactor operations aspect of reactor theory. Topics include subcritical multiplication, reactor kinetics, and reactor operation.
The Department of Energy Fundamentals Handbook entitled Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory was prepared as an information resource for personnel who are responsible for the operation of the Department's nuclear facilities. Almost all processes that take place in a nuclear facility involve the transfer of some type of energy. A basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory is necessary for DOE nuclear facility operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff to safely operate and maintain the facility and facility support systems. The information in this handbook is presented to provide a foundation for applying engineering concepts to the job. This knowledge will help personnel understand the impact that their actions may have on the safe and reliable operation of facility components and systems.

The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory handbook consists of four modules that are contained in two volumes. The following is a brief description of the information presented in each module of the handbook.

Volume 1 of 2

Module 1 - Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Introduces concepts of atomic physics including the atomic nature of matter, the chart of the nuclides, radioactivity and radioactive decay, neutron interactions and fission, and the interaction of radiation with matter.

Module 2 - Reactor Theory (Nuclear Parameters)

Provides information on reactor theory and neutron characteristics. Includes topics such as neutron sources, neutron flux, neutron cross sections, reaction rates, neutron moderation, and prompt and delayed neutrons.

Volume 2 of 2

Module 3 - Reactor Theory (Nuclear Parameters)

Explains the nuclear parameters associated with reactor theory. Topics include the neutron life cycle, reactivity and reactivity coefficients, neutron poisons, and control rods.

Module 4 - Reactor Theory (Reactor Operations)

Introduces the reactor operations aspect of reactor theory. Topics include subcritical multiplication, reactor kinetics, and reactor operation.

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Published by: Bob Vines on Jun 11, 2009
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02/01/2013

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DOE-HDBK-1019/1-93
JANUARY 1993
DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK

NUCLEAR PHYSICS
AND REACTOR THEORY
Volume 1 of 2

U.S. Department of Energy
FSC-6910
Washington, D.C. 20585
Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy.
Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and
Technical Information. P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831.
Available to the public from the National Technical Information Services, U.S.
Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal., Springfield, VA 22161.
Order No. DE93012221
DOE-HDBK-1019/ 1-93
NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY
ABSTRACT

The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of nuclear physics and reactor theory. The handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the scientific principles that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

Key Words:Training Material, Atomic Physics, The Chart of the Nuclides, Radioactivity,
Radioactive Decay, Neutron Interaction, Fission, Reactor Theory, Neutron Characteristics,
Neutron Life Cycle, Reactor Kinetics
Rev. 0
NP

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