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Story Book for classroom

Story Book for classroom

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Published by Tariq Hayat
Story Book for classroom
Story Book for classroom

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Published by: Tariq Hayat on Jun 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/21/2013

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The Five Types of Stories
Myth, Saga, Fable, Folk-Tale, and Fairy-TaleStories have been around since the beginning of time, passeddown to us in oral and written form. There are five main types of stories: myths, sagas, fables, folk-tales, and fairy-tales.MYTH - Myths are legendary stories that ancient people created toexplain the mysteries of life, death, the beginning of the world,and natural powers. They were not able to understand thesemysteries, so they wove stories on the basis of their imagination.Since myths are imaginary stories, they have imaginary charactersin them like dragons, monsters, fairies, giants, and gods. All thesecharacters had magical powers and were much more powerfulthan human beings. Different types of myths were woven aboutthe same thing in different parts of the world. These very mythsgave rise to different religions in various parts of the world.SAGA - The word "saga" was originally used for any story of heroicdeeds of a medieval Norwegian hero. Gradually, it came to mean along eventful narrative about a family, social group, or dynastywith several chapters, cantos or even volumes. A saga has severallegends of heroes added to it. These heroes may be real or half-real and half-imaginary, but on the whole, the frame work of themain story is based on truth. An epic is a saga in poetry form,while a saga is in prose.FABLE - A fable is a short tale which involves animals as essentialcharacters in it and carries a moral for the readers. The animalsare described to be talking to people or to one another wisely,foolishly, cunningly, and in ways human beings do. Aesop's Fablesare a very good example. The lessons imparted by fables are veryuseful and practicable. They can impart guidance in most difficultsituations and lead one out of them. Fables are a good source of wisdom, tact, and other noble means. Thus they go a long way to
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put one onto the road to success and well-being if their morals aretranslated into daily life. Fables should not be read for amusementonly, but for learning to be a successful person as well.FOLK-TALE - Folk-tales are light imaginary stories handed downorally from generation to generation. They are popular becausethey describe the hopes and fears of common people in a naturalfanciful way. Since, human hopes and fears are the sameeverywhere, we can find similar folk-tales in distantly apartcountries. There may be slight differences in the versions of thesesimilar folk-tales, but their theme is almost the same. Almostevery social group has its own folk-lore traditions and beliefs. Asocial group's folk-tales are based on these traditions and beliefs,therefore, folk-tales are very near to day-to-day life. The elementof fancy and imagination gives them color and interest thus,making them very fascinating.FAIRY-TALE - Fairy-tales are magical stories about fairies. A fairyis a tiny imaginary being with supernatural powers. Fairies arebelieved to be very beautiful and delicate. They help people whenin a good mood, but they may harm evil people using theirsupernatural powers when they are angry. Fairies are believed tohave wings for flying and live in their own land called, "Fairyland."This land is ruled by the fairy queen who has a large magnificentpalace. Fairyland is considered to be a land of lakes, lush greenmeadows, bright flowers, and fruit trees. Children enjoy fairy-talesvery much because of the enchantment and magical power suchstories hold.
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1- This too shall pass
A dervish who had travelled long and hard throughthe desert finally came to civilization after a long journey. The village was called Sandy Hills, and itwas dry and hot. Except for the hay feed and someshrubs, not much greenery was to be found. Cattlewere the main means of livelihood for the people of Sandy Hills, had the condition of the soil beendifferent, they might have been able to engage inagriculture as well. The dervish politely asked apasser-by if there was someplace where he could find food andlodging for the night. "Well," said the man, scratching his head,"we don't have such a place in our village, but I am sure Shakirwould be happy to provide for you tonight." Then the man gavedirections to the ranch owned by Shakir, whose name means "onewho thanks the Lord constantly."On his way to the ranch, the dervish stopped by a small group of old men who were smoking pipes, to reconfirm his directions.From them, he found out that Shakir was the richest man in thearea. One of the men said Shakir owned more than a thousandcattle - "And this is more than the wealth of Haddad, who lives inthe neighbouring village."After short while, the dervish was standing in front of Shakir's home, admiring it. As it turned out, Shakir was a veryhospitable and kind person. He insisted that the dervish stay acouple of days in his house. Shakir's wife and daughters were justas kind and considerate as he was and provided the dervish withthe best. At the end of his stay, they even supplied him with plentyof food and water for his journey. On his way back into the desert,the dervish could not help puzzling over Shakir's last words at thetime of farewell. The dervish had said, "Thank God that you arewell off." "But, dervish," Shakir had replied, "Don’t be fooled byappearances, for this too shall pass."During his years on the Sufi path, the dervish hadcome to understand that anything he heard orsaw during his journey offered a lesson to belearned and thus was worthy of contemplation. Infact, that was the reason he had undertaken the journey in the first place -to learn more. Thewords of Shakir occupied his thoughts and he wasnot sure if he fully understood their import. As hesat under the shade of a single tree to pray and
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