Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
P. 1
Timeline of the Israeli

Timeline of the Israeli

Ratings: (0)|Views: 253|Likes:
Published by aceleaf

More info:

Published by: aceleaf on Jul 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Timeline of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Start of Jewish migration
There had been a continuous Jewish presence in the Holy Land sinceBiblicaltimes, as well as smaller waves of immigration throughout history. In the mid nineteenth century Jewishcommunities and families, mostly fromEastern Europe, fleeing increasingantisemitismand  pogromsin Europe, begin to immigrate in increasing numbers to Palestine, then a province of the Ottoman Empire,the historicLand of Israel.(See Hovevei Zion,Bilu.) Jews were an absolute majority in the 1880's.
Hussein-McMahon Correspondencepromises Arab state in return for revolt against the Turks.The region of Palestine was not explicitly mentioned. Disputes between Arabs and the Britishover whether Palestine was meant to be included in these documents would fuel the conflict over nationalism.
British control
November 2, 1917
Balfour Declaration 1917: British Foreign SecretaryArthur James Balfour  sends a letter toLord Rothschild, President of theZionist Federation, declaring his government would "view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people".
In the third Aliyah, roughly 40,000 Jews arrive in Palestine, mostly from Eastern Europe.
January 18 1919
Faisal-Weizmann Agreement  betweenEmir Faisal(son of the King of Hejaz) andChaim Weizmann(later President of theWorld Zionist Organization
). "We Arabs," said Faisal,
"especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement...We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home."
March 1, 1920
Jewish settlements in the Upper Galilee were attacked by Arab forces.Joseph Trumpeldor wasamong 8 who died defendingTel Hai.
April-June, 1920
Jerusalem pogrom of 1920 April 4-April 7. The violent 3-day riot against the Jews in Jerusalem'sOld City prompts the establishment of Haganah on June 15, 1920.
May 1-7, 1921
May 8, 1921
British High Commissioner Herbert Samuel  pardons Palestinian Jews and Arabs involved in the 1920 disturbances, includingMohammad Amin al-Husayni.
March 1922
Under Colonial SecretaryWinston Churchill,Britain splits the mandate of Palestine into the territories of Palestine (west of the Jordan river) and Transjordan. In return for leading the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, the Hashemitesare given rule over Transjordan to form an Arab state under British supremacy. Jewish settlement is restricted to the remaining Palestine.
June 3, 1922
TheChurchill White Paper, 1922clarifies the British position regarding Palestine.
July 24, 1922
TheLeague of Nations grantsBritaina mandate to administer Palestine.British express interest in Zionism, and describe their main intent of developing a Jewish national home.
In the fourth Aliyah, roughly 82,000 Jews fleeing from anti-Semitism in Hungary and Poland,arrive in Palestine.
In the fifth Aliyah, due in part to the rise of  Nazismin Germany, approximately 250,000 Jewsarrived in Palestine during this period. However, restrictions imposed on Jewish immigration bythe British authorities in response to events such as theGreat Uprisingcurbed Jewishimmigration in the later 1930s.
Summer 1929
The1929 Palestine riots erupt due to a dispute between Muslims and Jews over access to the Western Wall. 133 Jews killed and 339 wounded (mostly by Arabs); 116 Arabs killed and 232wounded (mostly by British-commanded police and soldiers).
August 23, 1929
In the1929 Hebron massacre67 Jews are killed, all but 8 of them foreign students from the localyeshiva. The local residents are saved by Muslim families and neighbours. Nonetheless, theBritish evacuate the Jewish communities in the Arab enclaves of Hebron and Gaza "to preventanother massacre", ending the ancient Jewish presence in the cities. Both communities wouldresume after the 1967 War.
TheBlack Hand Islamistgroup led by ShaykhIzz ad-Din al-Qassamuses violence against Jewish civilians and the British.
October 20, 1930
In reaction to the disturbances of 1929, thePassfield White Paper and theHope Simpson Royal Commissionrecommend limiting Jewish immigration.
May 7, 1936 — March 1939
The Arab leadership, led byAmin al-Husayni, declares a general strikewhich rapidly deteriorates into a violent rebellion, known as theArab revolt,that lasts for three years. The mainstream Jewish defense organization, theHaganah, maintains a policy of restraint, but thesmaller Irgun(also called Etzel) group adopts a policy of retaliation and revenge. Roughly 5000Arabs and 400 Jews are killed.
July 1937
ThePeel Commissionproposes a partition plan (map), rejected by the Arab leadership as it included a Jewish state. The Jewish opinion was divided as Jewish immigration was limited toonly 12,000, and the Twentieth Zionist Congress ultimately rejected the proposal as well.

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Julia Carmel liked this
Oscar Levin liked this
Oscar Levin liked this
giriballa liked this
annamar07 liked this
Tareq Hasan liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->