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CFC Complex Coverage Review, 15 October 2013

CFC Complex Coverage Review, 15 October 2013

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Published by CFC Cimicweb
This document provides complex coverage of developments in regions of interest from 01 - 14 October 2013, with hyper-links to source material highlighted in blue and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members.
This document provides complex coverage of developments in regions of interest from 01 - 14 October 2013, with hyper-links to source material highlighted in blue and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members.

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Complex Coverage
15 October 2013
Egypt 1Iraq 2Lebanon 3Libya 5Mali 5Nigeria 6Somalia 6Sudan & South Sudan 7Syria 8IED & Demining 10The Civil-Military Fusion Centre(CFC) is an information and knowledge managementorganisation focused on improvingcivil-military interaction,facilitating information sharing and enhancing situational awarenessthrough the CimicWeb portal and our Weekly and monthlypublications.CFC products are based upon and link to open-source informationfrom a wide variety of organisations, research centres and media outlets. However, the CFCdoes not endorse and cannotnecessarily guarantee the accuracyor objectivity of these sources.
CFC publications areindependently produced by DeskOfficers and do not reflect NATOpolicies or positions of any otherorgansiation.
The CFC is part of NATO Allied Command Operations
For further information contact:complexcoverage@cimicweb.org 
Foard Copeland
The interim Egyptian governmentextended its curfew for an additional two months as the violent crackdown on political dissent continues under Army General Abdel Fatah Sisi, reports the
 LA Times
.Meanwhile, the United States froze aid to the current Egyptian regime on 09 October, reports
A spokesperson for the US State Department cited the recent subjugation of the Muslim Brotherhood,which was democratically elected last year. The State Department also pointed to a lack of progress inachieving an inclusive government roadmap that will restore democracy. The exact value of halted aid was not immediately clear but a hold was placed on hundreds of millions of dollars in loans, militaryequipment and cash transfers, according to
 NBC News
. Tanks, fighter aircraft, helicopters and missiles,as well as USD 260 million in cash, were immediately restricted; however, certain health, education anddemocracy-building forms of assistance will continue. The US decision counters the foreign policy of a close US ally, Saudi Arabia, which welcomed the removal of former president Mohamed Morsi and the weakening of the Muslim Brotherhood, according to
 Agence France-Presse (AFP).
The Saudigovernment, alongside fellow Gulf emirate states of UAE and Qatar, promised Egypt a comprehensiveaid package worthUSD 12 billion,which considerably outstrips the annual US price tag of  approximately USD 1.55 billion, reports
. Israel, which was involved in discussions with theObama administration over the matter, expressed discontent over the aid cuts. It considers the US
military and economic assistance integral to the country’s 1979 treaty with Egypt. According to
 NewYork Times
, Israel fears that slashing the Egyptian aid budget could further erode the ability of Egyptian authorities to provide security in the already porous and criminal Sinai Peninsula,which abuts Israel and can be used to smuggle foodstuffs, humanitarian supplies, goods and weapons into Palestinian
This document provides complex coverage of developments
in regions of interest from 01
14October 2013
 , with hyper-links to source material highlighted in blue and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the membersof the CFC, or visit our website at www.cimicweb.org.
15 October 2013territories. Civilian casualties spiked, as over fifty were killed and more than two hundred injured during sweeping protests that took 
 place on 06 October, the fortieth anniversary of the start of the Egyptian war with Israel, reports
 LA Times
. Crowds supporting thearmy and General Sisi came out en masse and clashed with Muslim Brotherhood sympathisers.
reports that thousands more have been detained in the last two months, reflecting the deep political divisions in the country and the heavy-handed approach taken by the army. Meanwhile, ousted former president Mohamed Morsi will stand trial 
for “inciting the killing of opponents” in a case that opens
on 04 November, alongside fourteen other senior  Brotherhood leaders,
 LA Times
. Former president Hosni Mubarak appeared briefly in court on 14 September and will return on 19 October for a trial that will not be televised.He will be retried on charges that he killed protesters during the 2011 revolution that ended his thirty-year autocracy.
Linda Lavender
The UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) reported that almost 1,000 peoplewere killed and more than 2,000 injured inSeptember violence,reports
.The UN reports that 5,740 Iraqis have been killed in 2013. Much of the recentviolence has been blamed on Sunni Islamist militants linked to al Qaeda. The alQaeda-affiliated Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) said that violence
against Shi’ites was
in revenge for the “campaign of torture,displacement, detainment and liquidation” of the Sunni minority by the Shi’ite
-led government of Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki.The US government intends to extend its special Iraqi visa programme for Iraqiswho worked withUS forces,risking their lives in quelling the insurgency, reports
 Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)
. Since 2007, the programmehas relocated almost 12,000 Iraqis and family members to the United States for their safety. Currently, 2,000 special visas are still awaiting approval.While the Turkish government called for a truce earlier in 2013, efforts have stalled in the ongoing conflict with Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK 
) militants, reports
United Press International (UPI)
. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan told lawmakers on04 October he sought an extension to a mandate allowing cross-border operations to fight PKK members in northern Iraq.
 Associated  Press (AP)
reported on 10 October that Turkey’s parliament 
extended the mandate for an additional year after PKK rebels suspendedtheir planned pullout of Turkish territory, accusing the Turkish government of not keeping promises to afford greater rights for Kurdsin Turkey.The 21 September Kurdistan parliamentary elections revealed that the current ruling party, Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP), won thelargest bloc in the regional parliament, securing 38 seats in September 
s vote, according to
Goran (or Change party), the mainopposition to the KDP, won 24 seats while the Patriot Union of Kurdistan (PUK) led by ailing President Jalal Talabani won only 18seats. Ten seats went to other opposition parties such as the Islamic Union of Kurdistan, 21 to smaller opposition groups and elevenseats were reserved for ethnic minorities. On 07 October, the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), claimedresponsibility for late September bombings in the Kurdish capital of Erbil that killed at least six people, according to
. Thestatement issued by the gro
up indicated the attack was in response to the Kurdistan President Massoud Barzani’s pledge to assist
Syrian Kurds in their battle against Islamists in Syria. Thetight security imposed after the attack has curbed tourism in the region
ahead of the year’s Muslim holiday of 
 Eid al Adha
, according to
. Hotel owners in Erbil complained of hundreds of cancelledreservations as a result of the terrorist attack. Those travelling to the region are subjected to lengthy searches and some are evenrefused entry.
 Numerous violent incidents were reported throughout the country during the previous two weeks:02-Oct-13:
An Iraqi helicopter was downed while providing cover for  Iraqi troops engaged in a gun battle with militias in Tikrit, reports
A bomb exploded near a football field in Madain, killing five people and wounding eleven others, according to
 Agence France-Presse (AFP).
It was the latest in a series of targeted attacks on football fields.
: A series of suicide and roadside bombings in Anbar, Salaheddin and Diyala provinces resulted in seven deaths,reports
 Al  Jazeera
suicide bombings targeting Iraqi Shi’ites killed almost
sixty people in Baghdad and Balad, reports
. Also, inMosul, gunmen stormed an Iraqi television station and killed two Iraqi journalists. 
The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is considered a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States, the European Union an
Eid al Adha is the Muslim festival of sacrifice and is observed on 15 October 2013.
Source:  BBC  
15 October 2013
In the Shi’ite Turkomen village of Qabak a car bomb detonated near an 
elementary school killing twelve students, reports
. Another car bomb targeted the village’s police station. A suicide bomber detonated himself in the village of Waziriyah as Shi’ite
 pilgrims walked through the mostly Sunni neighbourhood. At least twelve were killed in the attack.
A school guard caught awoman planting a bomb at a Madain elementary school, reports the
Global Post 
. Also, twoexplosions killed four 
fighters. In Baghdad, a series of deadly blasts 
killed at least 22 people targeting mostly Shi’ite
neighbourhoods, reports
in front of a restaurant in the mainly Shi’ite neighbourhood of Zafaraniyah Baghdad killed three people and
wounded ten others, reports
. South of Mosul, three soldiers were killed after being ambushed by gunmen, while a policeman wasshot dead in Mosul. Also a police patrol was hit by a bomb south of Mosul, killing two officers.
A roadside bomb killed eight  people as they travelled to work in southern Iraq, reports
Violence killed twenty in Iraq,according to
. Two Sahwa fighters were killed in Samarra, two more in Baquba whilenortheast of the city a roadside bomb killed two police officers. Bombings in Baghdad killed three people and a shop owner wasgunned down. In the northern city of Kirkuk, gunmen killed one person while Iraqi security forces killed eight militants in a multi- province operation. Also, police discovered the remains of a body that was likely subjected to torture.
A car bomb exploded in Samarra killing thirteen people, according to
The target was a busy shop-lined street.
 Sixteen bombs detonated across Iraq killing a total of 25 people ahead of 
 Eid al Adha
, reports
. The deadliest
 bombing occurred in the Shi’ite city of Hilla south of Baghdad.
 The Iraqi Justice Ministry announced on 10 October it had carried out the executions of 42 convicted terrorists over the past week, according to
. While the Iraqi government would not provide exact dates of the executions,UNAMI said they occurred between 08 and 09 October, reports
 Al Jazeera
. UNAMI reiterated calls on the Iraqi government to implement a moratorium on the deathsentences while the executions have drawn international condemnation from the European Union, the UN and human rights groups.The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has begun moving the first of an estimated 10,000 Syrian refugees tothe newly opened camp of Darashakran. The camp, located in Erbil governorate in northern Iraq, was established in order to alleviate severe overcrowding in Domiz camp which currently hosts 45,000 mainly Syrian Kurds. Domiz camp
s capacity is 30,000 people.Iraq is currently sheltering 193,000 registered refugees mainly in Dohuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyeh governorates. William Tall, chief UNHCR representative in Iraq expressed concerns over refugee conditions in the coming months during the harsh Kurdistan winter ,  according to
Voice of America
The Kurdish Regional Government has given approval to Abu Dhabi NationalEnergy Company, a United Arab Emirates corporation, to start oil development 
in the northern Atrush oil field, reports
The company known as Taqa,anticipates producing 30,000 barrels per day (BPD) starting in early 2015. Also,more than400 billion cubic feet of natural gas was produced in the Kurdish north of Iraq since Dana Gas and its partner Crescent Petroleum commencedoperations in 2008, reports
. In the south, Baghdad announced a USD six billion deal for the construction and operation of an oil refinery,reports
The Iraqi oil ministry and Swiss company Satarem entered the agreement thatwill provide 150,000 BPD, according to the government statement.Archeologists from the University of Leipzig announced the discovery of anancient Iraqi city called Idu in northern Iraq, reports
 NBC News
. Idu was under the control of the Assyrian Empire approximately 3,300 years ago, then later gained its independence as the empire declined. The Assyrians reconquered thecity roughly 140 years later.
Linda Lavender
As part of a newsecurity plan implemented by the Lebanese Ministry of the Interior, as of late September, Hezbollah members abandoned checkpoints in the southern suburbs of Beirut after recent bombings, reports
The Daily Star 
. Five checkpoints were handedover to Internal Security Forces (ISF) on 01 October. There are currently over 2,700 ISF members assigned as extra security to protect former and current Members of Parliament (MPs), ministers, judges, officers, and others, according to
 Lebanon News Network 
.However as caretaker Interior Minister Marwan Charbel noted, the vast majority of ISF members work as housekeepers, buying fruitsand vegetables for their employers and driving children to school. Charbel noted that it is beyond the ISF
’s mandate to
 protect these
Sahwa fighters are anti-al Qaeda fighters are part of the Sunni awakening movement which began in Anbar 2005. They are credited for assisting US troops in reducing violence during the Iraqi insurgency. Currently, many Sahwa are targeted for revenge killing by al Qaeda.
 Atrush Oil Field

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