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Chap2_(Introduction to Signals

# Chap2_(Introduction to Signals

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05/11/2014

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CONTENTS
§
Definition and Classification of Signals
§
Mathematical Model of Ideal Signals
§
Linear Convolution
§
Discrete-time Signals
§
Discrete-time Convolution
ECT 2036:CIRCUITS & SIGNALS

ECT 2036:CIRCUITS & SIGNALS
Chapter 2:Introduction to Signals

1. DEFINITION & CLASSIFICATIONOF SIGNALS

1. DEFINITION & CLASSIFICATIONOF SIGNALS
§
SIGNAL: A function of one or more variables and it carriesqualitativeas well asquantitativeinformation of aphysical event.
§
Single variable function: most common is the time variable,
(continuous-time) or
n
(discrete-time) -> mathematicallydenoted by
f(t) or f[n]
respectively.
§
Classifications:a) Continuous & Discrete-Time Signalsb) Even & Odd Signalsc) Deterministic & Stochastic Signalsd) Energy & Power Signals

CONTINUOUS & DISCRETE

CONTINUOUS & DISCRETE
Continuous-time Signal
-Signal
i
s defined for all time instants-Occurs naturally in any physical process-We use a round bracket ( ) to denote the function:
( )-Commonly used:
(
)or
(
τ
)for single variable
-
(
)
= t
,
(
)
= t
,
(
)
=
sin(
), etc.
-Example: voice signal