,interests, through a company, PT Nusamba, which is 80% owned by threefoundations headed by Suharto, 10% by Suharto's eldest son, SigitHarjojudanto, and 10% by Bob Hasan himself. Apart from that, severalarmy-owned foundations are also involved in the Kalimanis Group.In addition to heading those two large Indonesian conglomerates (Astra belong to the top five), as head of the Indonesian Timber Society (MPI),the Indonesian Plywood Association (Apkindo), and the Indonesian FurnitureAssociation (Asmindo), Bob Hasan is also involved in a 1.5 million hectareconcession to harvest Central Sulawesi's ebony forests, as well as in a50,000 hectares forest plantation in East Timor, which occupies thecustomary land of the Maubere people in eleven villages in threesubdistricts of Viqueque. The latter project of Bob Hasan does not onlyviolate the East Timorese people's right to self-determination, but alsotheir sovereignty over their nature resources.Based on my understanding of all the ecological and human rights violationscarried out by Bob Hasan in his capacities as the bosses of the KalimanisGroup (which includes PT Aspex Paper) and the Astra Group, as well as headof the three business associations mentioned earlier, I recently returnedthe Indonesian national environmental award, Kalpataru , which I receivedfrom Suharto on World Environment Day, ten years ago.As I mentioned in my letter to Suharto, I felt insulted and shocked by thevarious environmental awards which the US and Indonesian governments hadrecently donned on Bob Hasan and his top executives. In early April 1997,Bob Hasan received the Harry A. Merlo Award from the World Forestry Center in the US, where Bob Hasan himself serves as one of the Board members,supposedly for his contributions in linking forest conservation anddevelopment in Indonesia.Then, on April 28, 1997, in a ceremony in the White House, a top executiveof the Kalimanis Group received a Certificate of Recognition from the U.S.Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI), for the "reduced impact logging" which the Group has supposedly carried out in its more than two millionhectares timber concessions in East Kalimantan. According to estimates fromPresident Clinton's Climate Change Task Force, 56,400 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide will be saved in the next 40 years from those timber concessions.Finally, on World Environment Day, June 5, 1997, one of the Kalimanis Groupmember companies, PT Kalhold Utama Plywood, received a national award for its water pollution treatment facilities, which was considered one of the best in Indonesia during the last three years. This time Bob Hasan himself received that award from the Indonesian authorities.All those awards are a joke, since in all his capacities as Indonesia's"shadow forestry minister," Bob Hasan has never ordered the executives of his companies and members of his associations to carry out thorough andsincere analyses on the social and environmental impacts of all thosetimber concessions, plywood, paper and pulp factories, timber plantations,and rattan monopolies under his control.
>From my own studies in Eastern Indonesia (in particular in Central
Sulawesi, the Moluccas, and West Papua), the plywood factories controlled by Bob Hasan have had a tremendous negative impact to the indigenouscommunities who have lived for generations from harvesting the copal fromthe Agathis trees, without cutting down the trees as has happened now after Indonesia -- under Bob Hasan's leadership -- became a major player in theglobal plywood market.As head of Apkindo, Bob Hasan is also responsible for the depletion of theebony stocks in Central Sulawesi by an Apkindo company, PT Fendi Indah,which shares are co-owned by an Indonesian army foundation, YayasanTrikora. From a forest ecology perspective, this ebony concession inCentral Sulawesi, which mainly caters for the Bali and Japanese markets, isa major disaster, since techniques to rejuvenate the ebony forests arestill unknown to the silviculture community.Likewise, in his capacity as head of Asmindo, which authored the export banfor semi-processed ratan products, Bob Hasan is also responsible for thefamine caused by this policy to the thousands of rattan collectors andrattan mat (tatami ) producers in Central and South Kalimantan in the early