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malik1thesis

malik1thesis

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Published by miantaqi

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Published by: miantaqi on Aug 19, 2009
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02/06/2013

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Chapter No 1
Introduction
1.1
Introduction
The present study has been carried out on the role played by the protection homein the rehabilitation of runaway women.The focus of the research is to observe and document the internal workings of a crosssection of some of the larger protection homes in the region and to evaluate their collective social services and activities in view of the rehabilitation of runaway women.Inquiries into the contributions made by these institutions in the psycho-socialresuscitation of runaway women; the role in the legal and economic empowerment of these women in the ever ongoing fight for their basic right to life and liberty.In order to determine the ‘rehabilitative’ factor of the runaway women we must definewhat problems they have that require rehabilitation.
Are they all similar?
How (if at all) are the solutions being tailored to their specific needs?
Is rehabilitation at a practical life size level actually being achieved?Questions such as:
Are their psychological/ emotional needs being addressed?
Are the economic/support needs (of their children) being addressed?
Are their legal needs being addressed?
Are their social needs being addressed?Are they able to avail opportunities others in the society would be able to…we mustlook at them as:a)women (a discriminated section of society) and b)Victims of emotional and physical crimes and deprivation.1
 
In order to determine whether rehabilitation of these women is in fact happeningwe must first define their problems:In general they fall within the ambit of these four:1)psychological/ emotional2)legal3)economic4)socialThese are the problems that beset runaway women in protections to varying degrees.84% of the admissions are either already married or on/beyond the threshold of forcedmatrimony.The greatest incidence of admissions has been seen to be due to domestic violenceleading to divorce or being the precursor of forced marriage.Domestic violence being in the form of physical, emotional, sexual, verbal or economic…which in most instances has originated from the spouse but in a significantnumber of cases from the male members of the family/ tribe etc.Divorce proceedings arising either as a consequence of endless years of domesticabuse or else as a direct outcome of coerced marriages (coercion employed in both theestablishment as well as the dissolution of the marriage).If we were to stay within the confines of our society and examine a cross sectionof the protection homes working at present we may restrict our analysis of the role they play in the rehabilitation of women as to how they address the major most issue…that of divorce arising from domestic violence.More questions to be answered…
Does matrimony for a woman in this society mean just what it is?
Does it mean the same as for a woman from another society?
Does it mean the same as it does for a man in this society?
What is the subjective view of the woman herself?
How does she (determine and) contribute to her sense of helplessness andvictimization?2
 
Is she supposed to accept her fate silently?
What implications are there for her leaving the marriage?
Is psychotherapy alone going to fix a problem that is deep rooted in our culturaland religious ideals and customs?
What about when these women leave the protection home?
Is the rehabilitation meaningful?According to a Government of Punjab report, 80% of women in Pakistan aresubjected to violence.42.4% accept it as their misfortune/fate33.6% are ‘powerless’ and ‘unable’ to take action against the aggression/violence19.2% protest against it4.8% retaliate and only7% females opt to leave their homes/abusive environments.The question that begs to be asked is why women in general do not retaliateagainst oppressive and violent behaviour as a matter of fact.The answer may be that women are entangled in a framework of extreme subjugation atlevels ranging from the most direct to the subliminal; ever-propagated and reinforced byvirtually all institutions of society.The courts of law- the main avenue by which these destitute women seek recourse- on a number of occasions (
citation from Bari doc.),
however subtly, haveexpressed their tacit agreement with the prevailing societal male biases that are at thevery cause of these women’s miseries.The courts among others take it upon themselves to banish these redress-seekingwomen to a life of indefinite confinement that violates the very principles of liberty uponwhich the Constitution is founded.What role do these Dar-ul-Aman have in the rehabilitation, emotional support,counseling of these women? Do these institutions and others like them bring about anychange in the mindset of these distressed women?
1.2Background of the study
3

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