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Voip

Voip

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Published by kukkuaswathiashu

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Published by: kukkuaswathiashu on Aug 25, 2009
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03/09/2013

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Semester:
VII
Branch:
Information Technology
Seminar title:
Voice Over Internet Protocol 
TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT
…………………………………………………………………...1
1. INTRODUCTION
………………………………………………………….3
2. METHODOLOGY
………………………………………………………...5
2.1Telephone system v/s VoIP
………………………………….6
2.2 VOIP gateway
…………………………………………………. 7
2.3VOIP network
…………………………………………………. 8
 
10
2.4 Requirements2.4.1 Software Requirements
…………………………….9
 2.4.2 Hardware Requirements
…………………………..10
 2.5 Types of communication
…………………………………....11
 3. WORKING3.1How VoIP works?
...............................................................14
 3.2Codecs and switches
………………………………………..17
3.3 Protocols
………………………………………………………19
3.4 Applications
……………………………………………………22
4. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
……………………………..25
5. FUTURE SCOPE
…………………………………………………………28
6. CONCLUSION
…………………………………………………………….30
7. BIBLIOGRAPHY
………………………………………………………….31
Toc H Institute of Science & Technology
Arakkunnam – 682 313
Page No:
1
 
Semester:
VII
Branch:
Information Technology
Seminar title:
Voice Over Internet Protocol 
ABSTRACT
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a general term for a family of transmissionTechnologies for the delivery of voice communications over IP networks such as theInternet or other packet switched networks. VoIP was born back in the stone age of theinternet, that is, 1995, when Israeli computer enthusiasts made the first voiceconnection between two computers. This same year this technology was developed intoa software package called “Internet Phone Software”. Like many new technologies, itwasn’t very pretty at first. Sound quality was poor and vastly inferior to the audio qualityof a standard phone network, which, by the way, isn’t really that good either. Thetechnology continued to be developed and by 1998 gateways had been establishedallowing PC-to-phone connections. Later that year, phone-to-phone connections werepossible using the internet to transmit the audio. The phone-to-phone connections stillrequired a computer to initiate the call, but once the call was established, callers coulduse a regular phone set.VoIP is fast becoming a big business, with the major telecom’sgetting on board offering VoIP service. Service is available for both commercial andresidential use, ranging from PC-to-PC service, all the way up to phone-to-phone.
Toc H Institute of Science & Technology
Arakkunnam – 682 313
Page No:
2
 
Semester:
VII
Branch:
Information Technology
Seminar title:
Voice Over Internet Protocol 
Toc H Institute of Science & Technology
Arakkunnam – 682 313
Page No:
3

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