I.L.E. Ramelli / Vigiliae Christianae 61 (2007) 313 -356
gorical exegesis of Scripture, a signiﬁcant heritage of Hellenistic culture: Origen was very well acquainted with the Stoic and Platonic allegorical interpretations of Greek myths, already applied to the Bible by Philo and Clement of Alexandria. (3) At the same time, their doctrine rests on philo-sophical arguments mainly deriving from Platonism, an even weightier heritage of Hellenistic culture: e.g. Gregory’s
De anima et resurrectione
is deeply inﬂuenced by Platonism both in form and in content, and so is Origen, especially in his
, although both are Christians ﬁrst and Platonists second.
1. Te Scriptural Foundation of Apokatastasis in Origen and Gregory
Origen’s exposition of the doctrine of apokatastasis, especially in
, but also elsewhere, is always supported by scriptural quotations, and his arguments are grounded in the Bible and structured around it, in an intimate logical relationship. Many of his arguments and quotations conﬁrming them will be taken up by Gregory of Nyssa.
Among all scriptural evidence, 1Cor 15:21-28 seems to be absolutely essential in Origen’s view—as it will later be in Gregory’s—and, whenever he discusses apokatastasis, it is often quoted, both entirely and partially, in particular in the ﬁnal statement, that « God will be all in all ».
See my essay on the apokatastasis in Origen and Gregory in my
Gregorio di Nissa. Sull’anima e la resurrezione
, Milan 2007; history of the apokatastasis in my
, forthcoming in Milan. Te bibliography on this subject, especially for Origen, would be impressively wide: I refer to my book for complete documentation; here I only mention e.g. W. van Laak,
, Sinzig 1990 for Origen, and M. Ludlow,
, Oxford 2000, for Gregory; also C. Lenz, “Apokatastasis,” in
Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum
, I, Stuttgart 1950, 510-516; R. Parry–C. Partridge, eds.,
, Carlisle 2003 with my review in
14 (2005) 206-208, and some recent entries by L.-F. Mateo-Seco in
Diccionario de san Gregorio de Nisa
, eds. Id.–G. Maspero, Burgos 2006 (of which an enriched English edition is also expected to appear): “Escatología,” 357-378; “Puriﬁcación ultraterrena,” 765-769; “Soteriología,” 803-812; P. zamalikos,
Origen: Phi-losophy of History and Eschatology
, Leiden 2007.
On early Christian interpretation of 1Cor, including this very important passage, now see J.L. Kovacs,
1 Corinthians Interpreted by Early Christian Commentators
, Grand Rapids 2005, 233-260 (my review in
10,3  166-167); see also E. Schendel,
Herrschaft und Unterwerfung Christi. 1.Korinther 15,24-28 in Exegese und Teologie der Väter bis zum Ausgang des 4. Jahrhunderts
, übingen 1971,
81-110 on Origen; on Origen’s interpretation of 1Cor 15 see J. Rius-Camps, “La hipótesis origeniana sobre el ﬁn