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Published by synayak
This contains a very brief introduction to CAD. This is purely from academic point of view and contains matter from some standard reference book and also from the Internet
This contains a very brief introduction to CAD. This is purely from academic point of view and contains matter from some standard reference book and also from the Internet

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Published by: synayak on Sep 29, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Dept of Mech. Engg.IV Sem Mech.
Chapter 9Computer Aided Design
CAD Definition:
Computer aided design (CAD) can be defined as the use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis or optimization of a design. Thecomputer system consists of hardware and software to perform the specialized designfunctions required by the particular user firm. The CAD hardware typically includes thecomputer, one or more graphics display terminals, keyboards and other peripheralequipment. The CAD software consists of the computer programs to implement computer graphics on the system (system software) and application programs to facilitate theengineering functions of the user company. The application programs include stress-strainanalysis of components, heat transfer calculations, lubrication, combustion, kinematicsand dynamics of machinery, etc. The collection of application programs will vary fromone user firm to the next depending upon product lines manufacturing process andcustomer markets.
Scope of CAD System:
1.to increase the productivity of the designer 2.to improve the quality of design3.to improve communications4.to create database for manufacturing
Benefits of CAD:
1.Improved engineering productivity2.Shorter lead times3.Reduced engineering personnel requirements4.Customer modifications are easier to make5.Improved accuracy and design6.Reduced errors in programming7.Easy inspection of complicated parts8.Saves materials and machine time and also contributes in reduced wastage9.Better communication interfaces10.Leads to standardization of design
Compiled by NSY Page
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MDD- Chapter 9
 Dept of Mech. Engg.IV Sem Mech.
Hardware in CAD
The configuration of a CAD system is as shown aboveThe input devices can be keyboard, mouse, lightpen, digitizer, scanners, etc., while outputdevices may be printer, plotter, etc. Secondary storage devices such as tapes, discs,floppies, pen drives, portable hard disks, etc. helps in taking the backup of drawing. TheCPU is the main controlling part of the entire CAD system. For a CAD system the processor should be fast enough to handle huge amount of data to carry out complexmathematical calculations.
Design Workstation:
The CAD workstation is the system interface with the outside world. It provides a modeto communicate with the computer. The workstation must accomplish five functions:1.it must interface with the central processing unit2.it must generate a steady graphic image for the user 3.it must provide digital descriptions of the graphic image4.it must translate computer commands in to operating functionsit must facilitate communication between the user and the system
The Graphics Terminal:
The graphic terminals available today generally use the cathode ray tube (CRT) as thedisplay device. The graphic terminals are available in different sizes.
Compiled by NSY Page
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MDD- Chapter 9
OutputDevices andPeripheralsGraphicsTerminalInputDevices
Design Workstation
 Dept of Mech. Engg.IV Sem Mech.
A CRT is shown in the sketch belowA heated cathode emits a high speed electron beam onto a phosphor coated glass screen.The electron energize the phosphor coating, causing it to glow at points where the beammakes contact. By focussing the electron beam, changing its intensity, and controlling its point of contact against the phosphor coating through the use of a deflector system, the beam can be made to generate a picture on the screen.
Operator Input Devices
Input devices are needed for graphics workstation to facilitate convenient communication between the user and the system. A number of input devices can be grouped into threecategories. They are:1.Cursor control devices2.Digitizers3.Keyboard terminalsThe first two are used for graphical interaction with system and the third one is used for input of alphanumeric commands and text.
Compiled by NSY Page
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MDD- Chapter 9

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