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How Cities Develop

How Cities Develop

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Published by Rahul Deodhar
The idea-book discusses the principles that determine firstly how cities evolve over seven phases. Secondly, we see how Affinity Factor model may help understand how development spreads or distributes within the city. We observe how these principles impact selection of office location and how we can predict the future of developing business districts. We try to understand how house prices get influenced. Finally, based on the principles discussed, we try to work out a possible township model.
The idea-book discusses the principles that determine firstly how cities evolve over seven phases. Secondly, we see how Affinity Factor model may help understand how development spreads or distributes within the city. We observe how these principles impact selection of office location and how we can predict the future of developing business districts. We try to understand how house prices get influenced. Finally, based on the principles discussed, we try to work out a possible township model.

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Published by: Rahul Deodhar on Oct 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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10/17/2013

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R A H U L D E O D H A R 
RahulDeodhar
Theidea‐bookdiscussestheprinciplesthatdeterminefirstlyhowcitiesevolveoversevenphases.Secondly,weseehowAffinityFactormodelmayhelpunderstandhowdevelopmentspreadsordistributeswithinthecity.Weobservehowtheseprinciplesimpactselectionofofficelocationandhowwecanpredictthefutureofdevelopingbusinessdistricts.Wetrytounderstandhowhousepricesgetinfluenced.Finally,basedontheprinciplesdiscussed,wetrytoworkoutapossibletownshipmodel.
Oct
09
HowCitiesDevelop?
Idea‐Bookon
 
HowCitiesDevelop?–Anidea-Book
©RahulDeodhar2009www.rahuldeodhar.com
Introduction
Realestatedevelopmentineverycityisunique.Stillhiddenwithin,arecertainprinciplesthatarecommon.Tounderstandit,weneedtounderstandtwocentralconcepts.First,howtownevolveandsecondhowevolutionhappenswithinatown.Iproposeasevenphasemodelexplaininghowapopulationsurroundingabusinessorfactorytransformsintoatown.Throughthetransformationwepointtosomeimportantdevelopmentsintermsofpeopleandtheirwork.Theideabookpostulatesagrowthmodelcalled“AffinityFactorModel”toexplainhowlocalitiesdevelopwithinatown.“Affinityfactors”arethosethatdrivethecitizenstowardsthem–e.g.businessdistrictandschoolsarekeyaffinityfactor.Themodelshelpusunderstandwhyairports,usuallybuiltoutsidecitylimits,attractresidentialpopulations.Or,onalighternote,wecanguesswhereacompanywilllocateitsoffice!Wealsoderiveamethodtounderstandrelativepricingbetweendifferentareas.Further,welookatfundamentalideasforknowingifhousepricesarehigher.Ialsoproposeastructureofatownshipcentredaroundaworkplacebasedonfirstprinciples.
License

Theworkcanbesharedfornon-commercialusethroughproperattributionasexplainedin
CreativeCommonsAttribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike3.0Un ortedLicense
 
HowCitiesDevelop?–Anidea-Book
©RahulDeodhar2009www.rahuldeodhar.com
Howdolocalitiesdevelop?
Afreshornewtownformsoverfollowingsevenphases.PhaseI)
 
SeedPhase
:Inthisphasetheseedofdevelopmentissown.Thisistypicallyabusinessdistrictorfactoryisestablished.Thebusinessdistrictisplannedwithacertainpopulationinmind.Thepeoplewhoworkherelivehere.PhaseII)
 
DevelopmentofSupportinfrastructure
:Inthisphasesupportinfrastructuredevelops.Thisleadstoslightincreaseinpopulation.Generally,plannersalreadyaccountforthese.Thistypicallyincludes:
 
Retailersforregulargoods(groceries,pharmacystores,gasstationsetc)
 
Supportservicese.g.(foodtake‐away,lawnmanagement,domestichelp,plumbingandelectricianservicesetc)PhaseIII)
 
BusinessExpansion
:Thedominantbusinessesattractothersupportingindustriesandafactorysettlementstartsbecomingatown.
 
Thisleadstofurtherpopulationexpansionbutthepopulationstilllivescloser.PhaseIV)
 
Strengtheningofsupportinfrastructure
:Inthisphasethesupportinfrastructureitselfbecomesanincomegeneratingactivity.Thebreadthanddepthofservicesincreasesdrasticallyleadingimprovementinqualityoflife.Typically,
 
Consumerdurableretail(carshowrooms,Electronicgoodsshowroomsetc)startgrowing
 
Amallordepartmentalstoresopensinthevicinity.
 
Theseactivitiesaddtothepopulationthatpredominantlyworksinsupportsector.PhaseV)
 
DevelopingBusinesshub
:Inthisphasethelocalityturnsintoabusinesshuborapopulartown.
 
Nowwesignificantpercentageofpopulationtravellingfromnewlyemerginglocalitiesintheproximity.
 
Crowdmovement(travelinandtravelout)gainsimportanceandinfrastructureisusuallycreatedtosupportthis.
 
Nowtheestablishedinfrastructureneedstosupportresidentpopulationfulltime(workandafterwork)anddailymigrantpopulationparttime(duringwork).
 
Supportinfrastructureisstrained.
 
Supportservicesbecomecostlier
 
SlumsstartappearinginthelocalityPhaseVI)
 
Superstraining
:Inthisphasemunicipalinnovationsindebottlenecking,infrastructureadditionscreatesomerelief.Thoughslumsincreaseandcostofdoingbusinessstartsskyrocketing.
 
Slumsexpandtoartificiallyreducecostofdoingbusinessaggravatingthestrain.

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