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Panama Canal Expansion Impacts to North American Ports | August 2012

Panama Canal Expansion Impacts to North American Ports | August 2012

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Published by CJ Schexnayder
White Paper for Colliers International examining the expected impacts of the Panama Canal Third Lane Expansion to North American ports.
White Paper for Colliers International examining the expected impacts of the Panama Canal Third Lane Expansion to North American ports.

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Published by: CJ Schexnayder on Feb 15, 2014
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WWW.COLLIERS.COM/RESEARCH | P. 1
NORTH AMERICAN PORT ANALYSIS
 | WHITE PAPER | AUGUST 2012
 
COLLIERS INTERNATIONAL
 | WHITE PAPER
Key Takeaways
The expansion of the Panama Canal to accommodate vessels capable of carrying up to 12,500 containers will alter global trade routes, and is already promoting the advance-ment of the science of logistics.
Four East Coast ports will be ready to handle post-Panamax ships by 2015: Baltimore (2013), Miami (2014), New York (2015) and Norfolk (ready).
Four West Coast ports are already post-Panamax ready: Los Angeles, Long Beach, Oak-land and Seattle.
China holds great influence in global port activity. Six of the world’s 10 busiest container ports are in China. None are located in North America.
We’ve identified five key risks to North American Ports:
Overheated port competition
Environmental inaction
Labor strikes
Slowing global GDP
State budget crises
We present our
Colliers 2012 Port Awards
, which take a lighthearted look at the outstanding traits of some of North America’s top ports.
AUGUST 2012
North American Port Analysis
PREPARING FOR THE FIRST POST-PANAMAX DECADE
K.C. CONWAY
Executive Managing Director, Market Analytics | USA
COLLIERS 2012 PORT AWARDS
> Houston:
The Irreplaceable Port
> Los Angeles/Long Beach:
 A Colossus among Giants
> Savannah:
Success with Less
> Charleston:
 Getting ‘er Done
 > Virginia:
50 Feet before 50 Feet Was Cool 
> Baltimore:
The Delicate Touch
> Miami:
Cruising to Success
> New York & New Jersey:
Jumping Hurdles in a New York Minute
> Jacksonville:
The Comeback Kid 
> Mobile:
 The Up-and-Come
Read more on page 10.
 
WWW.COLLIERS.COM/RESEARCH | P. 2
NORTH AMERICAN PORT ANALYSIS
 | WHITE PAPER | AUGUST 2012
EURO FEARS AND POST-PANAMAX PREP
In our last U.S. Port Analysis we detailed the two most pressing issues confronting coastal port authorities at the onset of 2012:
Infrastructure improvements needed to handle the larger ships which will soon pass through an expanded Panama Canal
The threat of a slowing European economy on U.S. port activitySince that report, a number of U.S. ports have risen to the challenge and accelerated port dredging and crane acquisition projects. Additionally, the world’s largest 12,500 twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) containerships have started making calls on North American ports. But while some ports build infrastructure, the completion date for the Panama Canal lock expansion has been postponed to the first half of 2015. And Europe, which is the largest trading partner to both the U.S. and China, has seen continued economic slowing. This report will examine how these and other global challenges have affected the health of North American ports.
EASTERN PORT TRAFFIC GROWTH WILL ACCELERATE
The expansion of the Panama Canal will alter global trade routes and is already promoting the advancement of the science of logistics. The expansion will impact more than just shipping companies: Retail supply chains, manufacturers and commodity traders will each feel the ef-fects of new access to eastern ports. Growth in East and Gulf Coast port traffic will be fueled by new manufacturing operations from Airbus (Mobile), Boeing (Charleston) and Caterpillar (Athens, Georgia), and a new commitment from Disney to exclusively use the port of Jackson-ville for all imports bound to the Magic Kingdom. As China’s economic growth slows and Amer-ican manufacturing grows in the right-to-work states of the Southeast, Midwest and Gulf Coast, port volume growth trends will shift in new ways. Data from the Port Import/Export Reporting Service (PIERS) shows that, for the first time since World War II, the East Coast surpassed the West in container traffic growth. Eastern ports saw traffic grow by 5.5 percent in Q1 2012 over the same quarter in 2011, as compared with 3.0 percent in the western ports. Eastern traffic growth will accelerate further after the 2015 Panama Canal expansion is complete.
U.S. WILL NEED TO STEP UP PORT INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING
According to a recent U.S. Army Corps of Engineers report
(U.S. Port and Inland Waterways Mod-ernization: Preparing for Post-Panamax Vessels) 
 post-Panamax vessels will make up 62 percent of total container ship capacity by 2030. North American ports will need to spend billions in or-der to participate in this global trade opportunity. But the U.S. may be lagging behind—the nation ranks 23rd globally in infrastructure competitiveness, according to the World Economic Forum.
Photo Credit: AP Moller Maersk
PRE-PANAMAX LOCK THRESHOLDSPOST-PANAMAX LOCK THRESHOLDS
304.8 m (1,000’)18.3 m (60’)427 m (1,400’)55 m (180’)12.8 m (42’)
32.3 m (106’)
33.5 m (110’)
15.2 m (50’)12.4 m (39.5’)294.1 m (965’)49 m (160’)366 m (1,200’)
 
draftdraft
 > 14 m5
th
 Generation12.8-14 m4
th
 Generation1990-200011.6-12.8 m3
rd
 Generation1971-1990 10 m< 9 m2
nd
 Generation1970-19801
st
 GenerationPre-1970
SeaLevel
10’20’30’40’50’
 
WWW.COLLIERS.COM/RESEARCH | P. 3
NORTH AMERICAN PORT ANALYSIS
 | WHITE PAPER | AUGUST 2012
NORTH AMERICAN PORT READINESS AND RANKINGS
The western ports of Los Angeles, Long Beach, Oakland and Seattle are post-Panamax ready. Four East Coast ports will be post-Panamax ready in time for the 2015 Panama Canal expansion.
Norfolk is currently post-Panamax ready
Baltimore will be post-Panamax ready by the end of 2012
Miami will be post-Panamax ready by 2015, with dredging approved and super post-Pana-max cranes ordered
New York will be post-Panamax ready by the end of 2015, with funding now approved to raise the Bayonne Bridge in 2012
NORTH AMERICAN POST-PANAMAX READY PORTS
PortPost-Panamax Status/Impediment2012 TEUs (Est. 000s)2011 TEUsGlobal Rank
LA/Long BeachCurrently Ready 14,000 14,000 6th New York/NJ2015 – Bayonne Bridge 5,600 5,500 20thOaklandCurrently Ready 2,400 2,350 < top 50SeattleCurrently Ready 2,100 2,000 < top 50Houston2013 Dredging 2,100 1,900 < top 50NorfolkCurrently Ready 1,900 1,900 < top 50Miami2015 – Dredging/Cranes 950 900 < top 100Baltimore2013 Cranes 650 630 < top 100
 A port is considered post-Panamax ready when it has met three key criteria.
Channel depth of 50 feet with sufficient channel width and turning basin size
Cranes capable of loading and unloading pots-Panamax ships
Docks engineered to handle the new bigger cranes
A SMALL GUIDE TO LARGE CRANES
The typical Panamax crane in use at most U.S. ports today won’t have the capacity required to deal with post- Panamax vessels.
A Panamax crane can load and unload a container ship capable of passing through the Panama Canal today.
 
A post-Panamax crane can load a ship 18 contain-ers wide, which is too big to pass through the Panama Canal.The Super post-Panamax is the largest crane in use today and can unload containers from vessels with a width of 22 or more containers. Baltimore and Miami are each adding such cranes.*Based on 8 wheels per corner at 1.00m spacing Source:
 liebherr.com
TYPICAL FEEDER – PANAMAX CRANE
B Outreach 30.00 40.00mD Lift Height 24.00 30.00mSWL Capacity 40/50T Single 65T TwinHoisting Speed 50 125 m/minTrolley Speed 150 180 m/minTravel Speed 45 m/minWheel Load *30 45T Per Meter
TYPICAL POST-PANAMAX CRANE
B Outreach 40.00 46.00mD Lift Height 30.00 35.00mSWL Capacity 40/50T Single 65T TwinHoisting Speed 60 150 m/minTrolley Speed 180 210 m/minTravel Speed 45 m/minWheel Load * 40 55T Per Meter
TYPICAL SUPER POST PANAMAX/MEGAMAX
B Outreach46.00 69.00mD Lift Height 35.00 49.00mSWL Capacity65T Twin - 80T TandemHoisting Speed70 175 m/minTrolley Speed 210 240 m/minTravel Speed 45 m/minWheel Load * 60 80T Per Meter
Source: American Association of Port Authorities, Colliers International

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