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Biodiversity Environmental Management Systems

Biodiversity Environmental Management Systems

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Published by fcine7
Integrating Biodiversity into Environmental Management Systems
Integrating Biodiversity into Environmental Management Systems

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Published by: fcine7 on Oct 09, 2009
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09/16/2010

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The Energy & Biodiversity Initiative
Integrating Biodiversity into Environmental Management Systems
Integrating Biodiversityinto EnvironmentalManagement Systems
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................................................................................21. INTRODUCTION – USING THIS DOCUMENT...............................................................................................................................................32. INTEGRATING BIODIVERSITY WITH AN ISO 14001-BASED EMS..........................................................................................................5Table 1. Environmental Policy..................................................................................................................................................................7Table 2. Planning.......................................................................................................................................................................................8Table 3. Implementation and Operation.............................................................................................................................................10Table 4. Checking and Corrective Action...........................................................................................................................................12Table 5. Management Review................................................................................................................................................................133. INTEGRATING BIODIVERSITY WITH AN OGP-BASED EMS...................................................................................................................14Table 6. Leadership and Commitment................................................................................................................................................17Table 7. Policy and Strategic Objectives.............................................................................................................................................18Table 8. Organization, Resources and Documentation...................................................................................................................19Table 9. Evaluation and Risk Management........................................................................................................................................21Table 10. Planning...................................................................................................................................................................................23Table 11. Implementation and Monitoring..........................................................................................................................................25Table 12. Auditing and Reviewing........................................................................................................................................................26APPENDIX 1. Environmental policy statements addressing diversity..................................................................................................27APPENDIX 2. Examples of objectives and targets for biodiversity protection and conservation..................................................29APPENDIX 3. Biodiversity issues to be included in training and awareness programs where relevant........................................30FIGURE 1. The lifecycle of upstream oil and gas operations......................................................................................................................3FIGURE 2. The ISO 14001 management cycle...............................................................................................................................................5FIGURE 3. Relationship between EBI products and the ISO 14001 EMS.................................................................................................6FIGURE 4. The OGP model HSEMS.................................................................................................................................................................14FIGURE 5. Relationship between EBI products and the OGP HSEMS.....................................................................................................15
photo credit: ©Conservation International, Glenn Prickett
 
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The Energy & Biodiversity Initiative
This document takes as its starting point the assumptionthat biodiversity conservation is an integral part o sustainable development, and that oil and gas companiesshould integrate biodiversity considerations intotheir Environmental Management Systems (EMS)or integrated Health, Saety and EnvironmentalManagement Systems (HSEMS) at a corporate and/orproject level. Although consideration o biodiversityshould be an integral part o any EMS, actions andactivities to manage and conserve biodiversity shouldbe based on a valid and transparent risk assessmentprocess. Thereore, only in those cases where there aresigniicant biodiversity issues will many o the responsesproposed in this document be necessary.There are two principal templates or environmentalmanagement within the oil and gas sector, the
Guidelines or the Development and Application o Health, Saety and Environmental Management Systems
publishedby the E&P Forum (now named the International Oiland Gas Producers Association, or OGP) in 1994 andthe International Organization or Standardization’s
 Environmental Management Systems – Speciication withGuidance or Use
(ISO 14001), published in 1996. TheOGP Guidelines have been developed to integraterelevant health, saety and environment concernsinto a single approach and guideline, while remaining suiciently generic to be readily adapted to dierentcompanies and their organizational cultures. The OGPGuidelines’ principal dierence with respect to theISO 14001 EMS standard is the joint consideration andintegration o health and saety and environmentalmatters.The ISO and OGP approaches are presented separatelyhere to maximize the value o this document to thebroadest possible range o end-users. More generally,this document should also be applicable to other EMStemplates, which are increasingly based upon, orlinked to, the ISO standards. It is important to note,however, that irrespective o whether an ISO, OGP orother environmental management system templateis used, systems actually used by companies are likelyto be modiied in some way. Thereore, any companyusing this document will need to careully check thetransposition o its content into their system.It is the purpose o this document to provide examples o how biodiversity considerations can be integrated intoEMS. Consequently, it avoids prescriptive activities andactions, oering suggestions
 
instead. Within the overallstructure o an organization’s particular EMS, there maybe a number o ways to achieve the desired outcomesusing ormal or inormal procedures. The measure o success should be based on perormance rather thanstrict adherence to a narrowly deined process. Inboth the ISO and OGP templates, the managemento biodiversity issues can, in the majority o cases,be readily integrated with responses to more generalenvironmental issues, as long as the environmentalmanagement tools used within the EMS or HSEMS (e.g.Environmental and Social Impact Assessments) alsoproperly address biodiversity issues.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
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Integrating Biodiversity into Environmental Management Systems
i
This document takes as its starting point the assumptionthat biodiversity conservation is an integral part o sustainable development, and that oil and gas companiesshould integrate biodiversity considerations intotheir Environmental Management Systems (EMS)or integrated Health, Saety and EnvironmentalManagement Systems (HSEMS) at a corporate and/orproject level. Although consideration o biodiversityshould be an integral part o any EMS, actions andactivities to manage and conserve biodiversity should bebased on a valid and transparent risk assessment process.Thereore, only in those cases where there are signiicantbiodiversity issues will many o the responses proposedin this document be necessary. It is important to note atthis point that signiicance is a value judgment, and itsdeinition may vary rom one project to another. Withinthe Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI) the ocus isthe process o deining signiicance appropriately ratherthan attempting to deine it in any absolute terms.
.
 Where signiicant issues do exist, companies may acepressure rom governments, communities, shareholdersand non-governmental organizations to go beyondpreventing or mitigating negative impacts and takeadvantage o opportunities to beneit biodiversityconservation in and around project sites and in thecountries and regions where they operate. Considerationo such opportunities may also be integrated with acorporate or project-level EMS at the discretion o eachcompany or site, as its their speciic context. Examplesare noted where appropriate throughout this document.There are two principal templates or environmentalmanagement within the oil and gas sector. Theirst is based upon the
Guidelines or the Developmentand Application o Health, Saety and Environmental Management Systems
published by the E&P Forum(now named the International Oil and Gas Producers Association, or OGP) in 1994 (Report No. 6 36/210). Thesecond is based upon the International Organization orStandardization’s
 Environmental Management Systems – Speciication with Guidance or Use
(ISO 14001), publishedin 1996. While there is a large degree o convergencebetween the OGP and ISO approaches, they are presentedhere separately to maximize the value o this documentto the broadest possible range o end-users. Moregenerally, this document should also be applicable toother EMS templates, which are increasingly based upon,or linked to, the ISO standards.It is important to note, however, that, irrespectiveo whether an OGP, ISO or other environmentalmanagement system template is used, systems actuallyused by companies are likely to be modiied in some way.Thereore, any company using this document will needto careully check the transposition o its content intotheir system. Equally, it is the purpose o this documentto oer examples o how biodiversity considerationscan be integrated into EMS. Consequently, it avoidsprescriptive activities and actions, oering 
 suggestions
instead. Within the overall structure o an organization’sparticular EMS there may be a number o ways to achieve thedesired outcomes using ormal or inormal procedures. Themeasure o success should be based on perormance ratherthan strict adherence to a narrowly deined process.This document is primarily aimed at corporate oicers,site managers and other relevant personnel responsibleor the management, monitoring and conservation o biodiversity within the wider context o environmentalprotection throughout the liecycle o upstream oil andgas operations (see Figure 1). However, ultimately,environmental and biodiversity protection andmanagement is the responsibility o all oil and gassta, irrespective o their job description or location.Thereore, this document may also be useul whenconsidering biodiversity in the context o environmentaltraining programs and brieings. Although this document is designed or use as astandalone document, other EBI products oer detailedguidance on key elements o the integration.
1. INTRODUCTION – USING THIS DOCUMENT

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