Integrating Biodiversity into Environmental Management Systems
This document takes as its starting point the assumptionthat biodiversity conservation is an integral part o sustainable development, and that oil and gas companiesshould integrate biodiversity considerations intotheir Environmental Management Systems (EMS)or integrated Health, Saety and EnvironmentalManagement Systems (HSEMS) at a corporate and/orproject level. Although consideration o biodiversityshould be an integral part o any EMS, actions andactivities to manage and conserve biodiversity should bebased on a valid and transparent risk assessment process.Thereore, only in those cases where there are signiicantbiodiversity issues will many o the responses proposedin this document be necessary. It is important to note atthis point that signiicance is a value judgment, and itsdeinition may vary rom one project to another. Withinthe Energy and Biodiversity Initiative (EBI) the ocus isthe process o deining signiicance appropriately ratherthan attempting to deine it in any absolute terms.
Where signiicant issues do exist, companies may acepressure rom governments, communities, shareholdersand non-governmental organizations to go beyondpreventing or mitigating negative impacts and takeadvantage o opportunities to beneit biodiversityconservation in and around project sites and in thecountries and regions where they operate. Considerationo such opportunities may also be integrated with acorporate or project-level EMS at the discretion o eachcompany or site, as its their speciic context. Examplesare noted where appropriate throughout this document.There are two principal templates or environmentalmanagement within the oil and gas sector. Theirst is based upon the
Guidelines or the Developmentand Application o Health, Saety and Environmental Management Systems
published by the E&P Forum(now named the International Oil and Gas Producers Association, or OGP) in 1994 (Report No. 6 36/210). Thesecond is based upon the International Organization orStandardization’s
Environmental Management Systems – Speciication with Guidance or Use
(ISO 14001), publishedin 1996. While there is a large degree o convergencebetween the OGP and ISO approaches, they are presentedhere separately to maximize the value o this documentto the broadest possible range o end-users. Moregenerally, this document should also be applicable toother EMS templates, which are increasingly based upon,or linked to, the ISO standards.It is important to note, however, that, irrespectiveo whether an OGP, ISO or other environmentalmanagement system template is used, systems actuallyused by companies are likely to be modiied in some way.Thereore, any company using this document will needto careully check the transposition o its content intotheir system. Equally, it is the purpose o this documentto oer examples o how biodiversity considerationscan be integrated into EMS. Consequently, it avoidsprescriptive activities and actions, oering
instead. Within the overall structure o an organization’sparticular EMS there may be a number o ways to achieve thedesired outcomes using ormal or inormal procedures. Themeasure o success should be based on perormance ratherthan strict adherence to a narrowly deined process.This document is primarily aimed at corporate oicers,site managers and other relevant personnel responsibleor the management, monitoring and conservation o biodiversity within the wider context o environmentalprotection throughout the liecycle o upstream oil andgas operations (see Figure 1). However, ultimately,environmental and biodiversity protection andmanagement is the responsibility o all oil and gassta, irrespective o their job description or location.Thereore, this document may also be useul whenconsidering biodiversity in the context o environmentaltraining programs and brieings. Although this document is designed or use as astandalone document, other EBI products oer detailedguidance on key elements o the integration.
1. INTRODUCTION – USING THIS DOCUMENT