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Dental Materials 4

Dental Materials 4

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Published by Rosette Go

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Published by: Rosette Go on Oct 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/15/2010

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DENTAL MATERIALS 4*
high compressive strength is important for a working cast
DIFFERENT COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF DIFFERENTGYPSUM PRODUCTS
TYPE II – 1300psi
TYPE III – 3000psi
TYPE IV – 5000psi
TYPE V – 7000psiHARDNESS (ROCKWELL HARDNESS NUMBER)
TYPE III – 82RHN
TYPE IV – 92RHNSETTING EXPANSION OF GYPSUM PRODUCTS
TYPE II – 0.00% - 0.30%
TYPE III – 0.00% - 0.20%
TYPE IV – 0.00% - 0.10%
TYPE V – 0.10% - 0.30%DIMENSIONALLY STABLE
Will not shrink or expand after many hours
DIMENSIONALLY UNSTABLE
Will shrink or expand after how many hours of setting
TYPE V –
high expansion setting*all gypsum products undergo setting expansion*all hemihydrates when set turns to dihydrates which expands
TYPE II & V –
dimensionally unstable (least)
FACTORS AFFECTING SETTING EXPANSION
WATER – POWDER RATIO
o
More powder will lead to more settingexpansion because you will produce moredihydrates
o
More water will lead to less settingexpansion because you will have lessdihydrates to expand
ADDITION OF CHEMICAL MODIFIERS
o
Decrease setting expansion
o
Chemical modifiers are present in DENTALSTONE that is why it has lesser settingexpansion
CARING FOR GYPSUM PRODUCTS
Must be kept in an airtight container
Must be kept in a cool and dry place
Use dry, clean scooping instrument to preventcontamination
TERMINOLOGIES
MATERIALS
o
consumable/ perishable
INSTRUMENTS/EQUIPMENTS
o
non-consumable
IMPRESSION
o
the negative likeness of the object
CAST
o
the positive likeness of the object
IMPRESSION TRAYS
o
where impression materials are poured
DIFFERENT DENTAL TRAYS
STOCK TRAYS
o
Short border
o
Used only for adhesive impression materials
RIM-LOCKED TRAYS
o
for adhesion of non-adhesive impressionmaterials
o
some are with perforations
PERFORATED TRAYS

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