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Organised Pianist - A4 Layout

Organised Pianist - A4 Layout

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Published by Church Organ Guides
An 8-page guide, specifically written to enable pianists to understand and play church organs - Simple 5-point format for playing hymns - Keyboard and registration guide and organ 'glossary'.
An 8-page guide, specifically written to enable pianists to understand and play church organs - Simple 5-point format for playing hymns - Keyboard and registration guide and organ 'glossary'.

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Published by: Church Organ Guides on Feb 25, 2008
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T H E O R G A N I S E D P I A N I S T
© 2002 P. Donald M. Kelly, PA29 6XE/14, U.K.
 An “8 - Page” Pocket Guide to Pipe and ElectronicChurch Organs and Hymn Playing
If you can play hymn tunes on a piano / keyboard, then youcan quickly and easily, learn to play hymns and indeedcomplete services on church organs.
An organ has two or more keyboard-manuals
to allowthe player to play the tune on just one keyboard
or
to “
solo
the melody on one and play the accompaniment-harmony onanother and play the bass line on the foot-pedals.
Keyboard / ‘Manuals:
An organ may have two, three,four, five or even more keyboards and they are always‘stacked down’, from top to bottom, in the same order sothat you can always begin to find your way round the rest of any organ layout easily.
- Manuals

- Manuals

- Manuals

-Manuals 
N / A N / A N / AEcho OrganN / A N / A Solo OrganSolo Organ
*SWELL Organ *SWELL Organ *SWELL Organ*SWELL Organ*GREAT Organ *GREAT Organ *GREAT Organ*GREAT Organ 
N / A Choir Organ Choir Organ ChoirOrgan
* Some ‘electronic’ organs name ‘Swell’ as “Solo” and ‘Great’ as "Accompaniment”
The Foot Keyboard’s Pedals
are arranged just like keys onan ordinary piano keyboard and we shall come back to them
1
 
in a moment after looking at getting the keyboard / ‘manuals’working !
The Volume of the Keyboard/Manuals
is controlled by the
BIG pedal(s)
. The
BIG ‘Swell’/Volume Pedal(s)
do(es)
not 
increase ordecrease the volume of the ‘Great Organ’ on a ‘pipe-organ’
but 
, where there is only one ‘Swell’ / Volume Pedal on an‘electronic’ organ, it will control the volume of the wholeorgan.
To avoid damaging the organ
, these
Swell Pedals’
are
always left in the “open/full volume” position when apipe organ is switched off 
. Consequently, these pedal(s)must be “closed down”
before
starting to play .
Each keyboard has its own set of “stopsand
 
thereare usually “couplerswhich enable the “stopsonone keyboard-manual to be played on the (an)otherkeyboard and also on the foot-pedal keyboard !
 
The Organ “Stops” are all numbered in “feet” and arelabelled as to their ‘family’ types.First “FEET” :
 The number of 
“feet”
corresponds to thelengths of the organ pipes and the ‘basiclength of 
8’
corresponds to the pitch of a piano.
The shorter or longer the organ pipe, the higher orlower its pitch
- the
4’
,
2’
and
1’
‘stops’ add brightness and soundas
one
,
two
and
three
octaves
higher 
 
than thenote
 
 pressed 
- the
16’
,
32’
and, where there is such a pipe, the
64’
add resonance and gravity and sound as
one
,
two
and
three
octaves
lower 
 
than the note pressed 
.Some of the
“stops”
have
feet and fractions’
 
and theseare called
‘Mixtures’
and, by adding
natural harmonics’ 
,
2
 
these “stops” add brightness.
‘Mixtures’
 
shouldn’t beused unless combined with other “stops”.
.
Families of “Stops” :
Many of the “stops” sound, or tryto sound, much like their labels -
“Viols”
and
“Gambas”
are essentially
“Strings”
;
 
“Flutes”
and
“Oboes”
soundlike themselves and, though they are actually pipes withreeds in them, the
“brass”
are good ‘imitations’ of theirnamesakes.
The ‘Characteristic’ Church Organ Sound
comes fromthe
DIAPASON “stops
which are found on every organ.
The ‘Electronic/Cinema’ Organ Sound 
 
comes from the
TIBIA
.
“stops”
and the
“Tremulant(s)”
- Some‘electronic’church organs have “Tibiastops too !
The‘TREMULANT’ gives a
‘vibrato-wobble’
effect andSHOULD NOT BE USED FOR HYMN TUNES ! O.K. !
You will have to learn to play 
most hymn tunes in a verysmooth
‘ l e g a t o’
fashion for, as soon as you take yourfingers off the organ keys
,
the organ’s sound stops !
Tip
:
Where the ‘melody’ notes repeat,
 
you should learn to‘hold’ the melody notes and only “repeat” the ‘inner’contralto and tenor notes
 
!Setting Up The “Stops” :
Most, even small churchorgans, have
‘combination pistons’
-
pre-set buttons
found below the keyboards and perhaps too above the foot-key pedals - These ‘piston’ buttons are pressed
‘on/off’
toselect the most frequently used ‘sounds’.If there are no
‘pistons’
, experiment with combinations of 
8’
,
4’
and
16’
“stops” on the keyboards and play throughthe same
 
hymn tune several times until you find acombination that sounds like ‘a church sound’ !
 You need 8’, 4’ and 16’ stops on ALL KEYBOARDS -and PEDALS ! Also, try ADDING a 2’ stop on the Swelland the Great for ‘brightness’.
3

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