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Training and Development

Training and Development

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Published by TAKY303
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Published by: TAKY303 on Oct 29, 2009
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03/21/2014

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Training and Development- IndianOil _______________________________________________________________________  _ 
TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
Introduction
Every organization needs to have well trained and experienced peopleto perform the activities that have to be done. Training is a process of learning a sequence of programmed behaviour. It is application of knowledge. It gives people an awareness of the rules and proceduresto guide their behaviour. It attempts to improve their performance ontheir current job and prepare them for an intended job. Development isa related process. It covers not only those activities which improve jobperformance, but also which bring about the growth of the personality;help individuals in the progress towards maturity and actualization of their potential capabilities so that they become not only goodemployees but better men and women. In organizational terms, it isintended to equip person to earn promotions and hold greaterresponsibility. Training a person for a bigger and higher job is development. And thismay well include not only imparting specific skills and knowledge butalso inculcating certain personality and mental attitudes. As the jobsbecome more complex, the importance of employee development alsoincreases. In a rapidly changing society, employee training anddevelopment are not only an activity that is desirable but also anactivity that an organization must commit resources to if it is tomaintain a viable and knowledgeable work force.
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Training and Development- IndianOil _______________________________________________________________________  _ 
 Training has played a very important role in helping the corporation toreach the commanding heights of performance. Any training would beconsidered to be successful only when the knowledge gained by theparticipants is transferred to the job performance Training is the main function of HR. To enhance the Corporation'sgrowth and keep the Corporation ready to anticipate all types of competition and face it too, there is a need that Human Resourceshould play more active role for overall progress of the Corporation. The impact of training programme is to mould the employee’s attitudeand help them to synergies individual goals with organizational goals.It also helps in reducing dissatisfaction, complaints, absenteeism andlabour turnover.
Definition
According to
Flippo, “
 Training is the act of increasing knowledge andskills of an employee for doing a particular job" The major outcome of training is learning. A trainee learns new habits, refined skills anduseful knowledge during their training programme, which helps themto improve their performance. Training can also be defined asactivities designed to change the behaviour.Another way of defining training would be a planned programmedesigned to improve performance and bring about measurablechanges in knowledge, skills, attitudes and social behaviour of employees.
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Training and Development- IndianOil _______________________________________________________________________  _ 
 Training imparts the ability to detect and correct error. Further more itprovides skills and abilities that may be called on in the future tosatisfy organisation’s human resources needs.
Management development
Management development is an attempt at improving an individual’smanagerial effectiveness through a planned and deliberate process of learning. For an individual this means a change through a process of planned learning. This should be the common and significant aim of development from the point of view of the trainer and the trainee inan organisational setting.“All development is self development. It must be generated within themain himself. Development is highly individual. The development of anindividual is due to his day to day experience on a job. Hence,emphasis should be on experiences from day to day work. Any activitydesigned to improve the performance of existing managers and toprovide for a well planned growth of managers to meet futureorganisational needs is management development. The change in the individual must take place in those crucial areaswhich can be considered as output variables:Knowledge change;Attitude changeBehaviour changePerformance changeEnd-operational results (the last two changes being theresult of the first three changes)
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