balloons were followed by the invention of radio control technology. In 1897 Ernst Wilson was given a patent for wirelessly controlled torpedoes.
The U.S. government uses drones in many contexts; the military, law enforcement, and the CIA. Unmanned ariel vehicles, or UAVs, were ﬁrst used to spy on
the Soviet Union and were heavily used in Vietnam for intelligence gathering purposes.
Many of the UAV’s were shot down, but they were used to minimize the loss of pilots on dangerous missions. Cruise missiles became another form of drone because they are navigated remotely into their targets. The US also used surveillance drones in Afghanistan as early as the year 2000. New innovations in the military’s surveillance capability are completely staggering. The ARGUS (Autonomous Real-Time Ground
Ubiquitous Surveillance Imaging System) is a drone that is equipped with a camera capable of tracking speciﬁc object movement over a 36 square mile area!
As technology has advanced the price of drone technology has dramatically decreased and drones have become a consumer item and are being used for photography, video production, recreation, and inspection. Some drones are small enough to navigate through the inside of a house with precision and can still be 2
Benjamin Franklin Miessner, Radiodynamics: The Wireless Control of Torpedoes and Other
Mechanisms 83 (New York, D. Van Nostrand company, 1916) Kimberly Dvorak, Homeland Security increasingly lending drones to local police, Washington Times,
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/dec/10/homeland-security-increasingly-loaning-drones-to-l/ Ian G. R. Shaw, The Rise of the Predator Empire: Tracing the History of U.S. Drones, Understanding
Empire, http://understandingempire.wordpress.com/2-0-a-brief-history-of-u-s-drones/ Argus Panoptes is a hundred-eyed giant found in Homer’s Iliad. He is the inspiration for Bentham’s
Panopticon and apparently the military’s ARGUS. Ryan Gallagher, Could the Pentagon’s 1.8 Gigapixel Drone Camera Be Used for Domestic
Surveillance?, Slate, http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2013/02/06/ argus_is_could_the_pentagon_s_1_8_gigapixel_drone_camera_be_used_for_domestic.html