2. The Mechanical Age: 1450 - 1840
This was the stage where the machines were used to speed up the work and tomake the work easier. The First Information Explosion was by Johann Gutenberg whoinvented the movable metal-type printing process in 1450.the name ‘computer’ wasgiven to those people who were working with numbers. Under this stage the inventedthe first basic model of calculator and a slide rule. This by gradual development of book indexes and the widespread by using the page numbers.
3. The Electromechanical Age: 1840 - 1940.
During this period the machines were used with the help of electricity to storeand retrieve the data. The few machines which were used during this period are radio,Morse Code machines, telegraph, electronic waves. The discovery of ways to harnesselectricity was the key advance made during this period. Knowledge and informationcould now be converted into electrical impulses. In the beginning of telecommunication around late 18
century Voltaic battery was found later in early1800s telegram was used. Again in the year 1835 Samuel Morse developed Morsecode in which dots & dashes were used. In the year 1876 Alexander Graham Bellinvented Telephone & Radio which is still in existence. Followed by the discoverythat electrical waves travel through space and can produce an effect far from the pointat which they originated. These two events led to the invention of the radio byGuglielmo Marconi in 1894. Then electromechanical computing was invented byHerman Hollerith and IBM. During this period the IBM invented a machine whichwas used to Paper tape stored data and program instructions. This machine was readyfor use on January 1942, it was built by using 8 feet tall, 51 feet long, 2 feet thick,weighed 5 tons, used about 750,000 parts.
4. The Electronic Age: 1940 - Present.
The generation of computers was found in this stage. Hear the computers weremade able to use the vacuum tubes. Then Eckert and Mauchly found first high speedGeneral-Purpose Computer using Vacuum Tubes called Electronic Numerical