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JMETquant Practice Paper-2 Solutions

# JMETquant Practice Paper-2 Solutions

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06/04/2010

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1
Solutions for JMET-2
1.
( ) ( ) ( )
∫ π=∫
ππ
00
dxxsinxdxxsinx

or
( ) ( )
∫ π=∫
ππ
00
dxxsin 21dxxsinx

Choice (1)
2.

( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
Atan0Bsin C2/sinBsinCBAsin 0CBtanBAcos
π++ ++
=
Atan0Bsin CcosBsinsin 0AtanCcos
π

=0AtanCcos Atan0Bsin CcosBsin0
(rearranging rows)Since, the matrix is a skew-symmetric matrix of oddorder the determinant is zero. Choice (4)
3.
n(A) = 4, n(B) = 6Number of mappings that can be defined fromA to B = 6
4
Number of injective mappings that can be defined fromA to B =
6
P
4

Required probability =1856666 3456 6P
446
=××××××=
Choice (3)
4.
Standard Result: If R and S are relations such thatS
A
×
B; R
B
×
C; and R
ο
S
A
×
C;then; (R
ο
S)
–1
= S
–1
ο
R
–1
Here A = B = C. Hence (R
ο
S)
–1
= S
–1
ο
R
–1
Interchanging R and S, we have(S
ο
R)
–1
= R
–1
ο
S
–1
Choice (3)
5.
Let 5sin
θ
+ 12cos
θ
= k
13(5/13 sin
θ
+ 12/13 cos
θ
) = kor 13(sin
α
sin
θ
+ cos
α
cos
θ
) = kwhere sin
α
= 5/13 and cos
α
= 12/13i.e., 13[cos (
θ
α
)] = kor cos(
θ
α
) =
±
1

θ
α
= 0 or 180 ,
θ
α

360° as
θ

360° and
α

0
Two solutions exist. Choice (3
)6.
The maximum possible value is obtained at the point of intersection of the lines y = 4 – x and y =2x– 1 i.e., at x =310
Max (f(x))= Min (4 –310,23/10
–
1) =32.Choice (2)
7.
The statement given in choice (3) is true.(1) is false as we must have l
+
m
+
n = 0(2) is false. Volume = 1/6
]cba[
(4) is false as in the given case
]cba[
= 0Choice (3)
8.
Required Area =
∫
43
dy]y[ =
4343
)y(3dy3
=∫
= 3 (4 3) = 3 sq.units Choice (2)
9.
Let r be the radius of the circle.Note that the slant height of the cone is r And the circumference of the base is
α
If x is the radius of the base x =
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ πα
2
Let V represent the volume of the cone.V=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
31
π
x
2
h where h is the height of the cone.V
2
=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
91
π
2
x
4
h
2
where h
2
= r
2
– x
2

=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ π×
46
649(4
π
2

α
4
α
6
)If we denote (4
π
2

α
4
α
6
) by u; then
α
ddu= 16
π
2

α
3
– 6
α
5

22
dud
α
= 48
π
2

α
2
– 30
α
4

α
ddu= 0 gives
α
2
=
38
2
π

For this value of
α
2
, it can be seen that
22
dud
α
isnegative. Therefore, the required value of the angle
α
= 2
π
32
Choice (3)
10.
If xy > x + y, then 1 > (x + y) / xyor 1/x + 1/y < 1
(1)Since A.M.
G.M1/x + 1/y
2xy1
(2)combining (1) and (2)1xy2
<
or 2 < xy
xy > 4 Choice (1)
11.
Given equation: a sinx + b cosx = cDividing above equation with
22
ba
+
; we have
222222
bacxcos.babxsin.baa
+=+++
sin ( x +
φ
)=
22
bac
+
where
φ
= sin
–1

⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +
22
baa As 0
)x(sin
φ+
1; we have 0
c

22
ba
+
Hence, if c>
22
ba
+
; no solution exists.Choice (3)
12.
Let AB = 2x be the vertical pole and C be the midpointof AB such that AC = BC = x.Given AP = Nab = 2nx
CPA =
α
and
BPA =
β
.Fro,
le
CAP,tan
α
=n21nx2xAPAC
==
From
le
BAP
β

ABCPxx
α

2
tan(
α
+
β
) =n21nx2xAPAB
==

tan
β
= tan ((
α
+
β
) –
α
)=
( )( )
αβ+α+ αβ+α
tantan1tantan
tan
β
=1n2nn21n11n21n1
2
+= ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛  ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛  ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
Choice (1)
13.
Given: A = 0; b = z; C = zi ; D = z(1 + i)Taking z = x + iy; we haveA = (0,0); B (x, y) C = (–y, x) and D = (x – y, x + y)Now AB =
22
yx
+
;BC =
( ) ( )
22
xyyx
++
=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +
22
yx2 CD =
22
yx
+
( ) ( )
22
xyyx
++
=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +
22
yx2.AC =
22
yx
+
; BD =
22
yx
+
Here AB = CD; BC = AD and AC = BD
ABCD form a square. Choice (3)
14.
Given lines:

2x + y = 3y = 3 – 2xArea A = xy = 3x – 2x
2

=
dxdA
3 – 4x = 0

43x
=

Area
892343
=×=
. Choice (3)
15.
OBOA21A
1
×=
=
ba621
×

= 3
ba
×

OCOAA
2
×=
=
( )
ab12
×
= 12
ba
×

21
AA
=41

1
A
=41
2
A

k =41Choice (4)
16.
We have 0
cos
–1
x

π

cos
–1
x =
π
, cos
–1
y =
π
, cos
–1
z =
π

x = –1, y = –1, z = –1
xy + yz + xz = 3. Choice (4)
17.
In this case, we need to identify a point 'c' in the interval(a, b) such that f '(c) =ab)a()b(
(slope of line joining'a' and 'b' the end points).Given f(x) = x
3
– 5x
f '(x) = 3x
2
– 5taking, f '(c) =ab)a()b(
3c
2
– 5 =
02)0()2(
= 3c
2
– 5 = –1
3c
2
= 4
c =
±
32Since c
[0, 2], c =32Choice (1)
18.
S
1
=
=+++=
a11.....aa1a
2n
S
2
=
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +
=
0nn
54a51

+ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ++ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ++=
.....54a54a151
2
=
1
Sa1154a1151
== ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +

S
1
= S
2
. Choice (2)
19.
Let f: A
B and f(x) =
x
If x
1
, x
2

A then f(x
1
), f(x
2
)
BNow if f(x
1
) = f(x
2
)

x
1
=
x
2

x
1
=
±
x
2

f is not injective.Also f(1) =
1
= 1 and f(–1) =
–1
= 1If y
B, such that f(x) = y then
x
= y,i.e., y is always positive, which is not ture since –1
B
There is no x in A for every y in B.
f(x) is not surjective Choice (4)
20.
x
n
= AR
n – 1
log x
n
= log A + (n – 1) log RGiven determinant, on applying C
1
+ C
3
,
( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
6n6n12n22 3n3n6n22 nnn22
xlogARlogRAlog xlogARlogRAlog xlogARlogRAlog
++++++
Observe that the first column in twice the secondcolumn. Hence, the value of the determinant equalszero. Choice (4)
21.
We know that the number of non-negative integralsolutions of the equationx
1
+ x
2
+ x
3
+ …… + x
k
= n (n
N) is
(n + k – 1)
C
k–1
So, the number of non-negative integral solutions of 10
x
1
+ x
2
+ x
3
+ x
4

20=
13
C
3
+
14
C
3
+
15
C
3
+
16
C
3
+
17
C
3
+
18
C
3
+
19
C
3
+
20
C
3
+
21
C
3
+
21
C
3
+
22
C
3
+
23
C
3
= (
13
C
4
+
13
C
3
) +
14
C
3
+ …….+
23
C
3
13
C
4
[

n
C
+
n
C
r–1
=
(n + 1)
C
]=
24
C
4
13
C
4
(applying the formula successively)=1234 10111213 1234 21222324
××××××××××××
= 10626 715 = 9911 . Choice (2)DABC

3
22.
The number of friends of Anand from city Y is x and thenumber of friends of Bimal from city Z is x + 3.Let the number of common friends in IIT be y.
total number of friends = x + (x + 3) + y = 12 (given)or 2x + y = 9 ; x, y > 0. Also the total number of gamesplayed, as per the given conditions is,N = x(x + 3) + xy + (x + 3)yThe possible conditions are listed:X 1 2 3 4Y 7 5 3 1N 39 45 45 39
the maximum number of games that could have beenplayed is 45. Choice (4)
23.
In option 2:
0x1sinxlim
20
=
θ
But, given that f(0) = 3
f(x) is not continuous at x = 0 Choice (2)
24.
Given f(a) = 3; f '(a) = –3; g(a) = 2, g '(a) = 3Using L' Hospital rule we get
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1aga'a'ga xaagxxga lim
ax
=
=
( ) ( )( )
12333
+
= –15 Choice (1)
25.
There are 43 numbers between 101 and 400 which aremultiples of 7; 23 numbers between 101 and 400 whichare multiples of 13 and 3 numbers between 101 and400 which are multiplies of 7 and 13.Therefore,P (player wins Rs. 100/–)
( )
152300343
==
.P (Player wins Rs. 150/–)
( )
151300323
==
and P (player wins Rs. 250/–)10013003
==
.The expected value in the game
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ×+×+×=
1001250151150152100 rupees.= Rs. 25.83Since the admission fee is Rs. 25/– gain of for theplayer = (25.83 – 25) rupees.= Rs. 0.83. Choice (1)
26.
Let AB =
cos30 =
l
23and BD =
sin 30 =2
l

The coordinates of B are
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
2,23
ll
since, B lies on y
2
= 8x,
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ = ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
ll
2382
2
or
= 163units Choice (4)
27.

11
)x10cos1( )x10cos1(
+
=[
Q
1
x + x
2
+ ….. + (
1)
n
x
n
+….. = (1 + x)
1
and1 + x + x
2
+ …. + x
n
+ ……= (1
x)
–1
]
x5sin1 x5sin1 x10cos1 x10cos1
+=+
By method of elimination of choices we find that onlychoice (4) satisfies the equation. Choice (4)
28.
Given focus = (0,
±
4) = (0,
±
be) and e =54
be =
±
4
5b4=
±
4
b =
±
5 and a
2
= b
2
(1
e
2
)
Required ellipse is25y9x
22
+
= 1. Choice (3)
29.
Given f(x) = (5 – (x – 8)
5
)
1/3
let f(x) = y
(5 – (x – 8)
5
)
1/3
= y
(x – 8)
5
= 5 – y
3

x = 8 + (5 – y
3
)
1/5
Now, let z = g(x) = (8 + (5 – x
3
)
1/5
, thenf(g(x))[5 – [8 + (5 – x
3
)
1/5
– 8]
5
]
1/3
]= (5 – (5 – x
3
))
1/3
= xSimilarly, we can show that g(f(x)) = x.Hence, g(x) = 8 + (5 – x
3
)
1/5
is the inverse of f(x). Choice (2)
30.
S = 1 +
71
+14.73.1+21.14.7 5.3.1 + ………
S = 1 + 1
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
71+!23.1
2
71
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
+!35.3.1
3
71
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
+ ………
The expansion is in the form(1 – x)
p/q
= ..........qx!2)qp(p qxp1
2
+ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ ++ ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ +
Here p = 1, p + q = 3, x/q = 1/7
q = 2, x = 2/7S = (1 – x)
–p/q
= (1 – 2/7)
–1/2
= (5/7)
–1/2
=5/7  Choice (2)
31.
Given |x
2
– 3x + 1| = x – 3, Hence (x – 3)
0If x
2
– 3x + 1
0; x
2
– 3x + 1 = x – 3x
2
– 4x + 4 = 0 or (x – 2)
2
= 0
x = 2, since x – 3
0, x = 2 is not a valid solution.also, if (x
2
– 3x + 1) < 0 then –(x
2
– 3x + 1) = x – 3 or x
2
– 2x – 2 = 0
x = 1

±

3

As (1
±
3) – 3
0, x = 1
±

3is not valid.Hence, the number of solutions = 0. Choice (1)
32.
Let
α
and
β
be the roots of the equation x
2
–3kx + 2e
2logk
– 1

then
αβ
= 7 (given)
(2 e
2logk
–1) = 7
2
2klog
e= 8
k
2
= 4i.e., k =
±
2. Choice (2)
33.
Given y =
1635x
2
, for the curve to meet the x-axis, y = 0.1635x
2
= 030°30°ABDC