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Hudud Presentation

Hudud Presentation

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Published by helperforeu

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: helperforeu on Nov 27, 2009
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03/16/2013

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Islamic criminal jurisprudence
Islamic criminal law
(sometimes called
penal law
) is criminal law in accordancewith Islamic law. Criminal law is seen aspart of the relationship between Allah andthe believer, and is therefore afundamental aspect of the religious law.
 
 
Four Classes Of Crimes
There are four classes of crimes in Islam,divided according to their mention in the Quran.1)Hudud - fixed punishments2)Qisas - meaning retaliation, and following thebiblical principle of "an eye for an eye."3)Diyya - compensation paid to the heirs of avictim. In Arabic the word means both bloodmoney and ransom.4) Tazir - punishment, usually corporal,administered at the discretion of the judge
 
 
1.Hudud
Hudud
(Arabic
دوح
, singular 
hadd
literal meaning "limit", or "restriction") is the wordoften used in Islamic literature for the bounds of acceptable behaviour and thepunishments for serious crimes.In Islamic law or 
Sharia
, Hudud usually refers to the class of punishments that arefixed for certain crimes that are considered to be "claims of God."Therefore the sovereign was held to have a responsibility to punish them. All other offenses were defined as "claims of [His] servants," and responsibility for prosecutionrested on the victim. This includes murder, which was treated as a private disputebetween the murderer and the victim's heirs. The heirs had the right to compensationand to demand execution of the murderer, but they could also choose to forgive.Hudud offenses include1)Drinking alcohol (sharb al-khamr)2)Theft (sariqa)3)Highway robbery (qat' al-tariq)4)Illegal sexual intercourse (zina')5)False accusation of zina' (qadhf)6)Rebellion against the ruler 7)Apostasy (irtidād or ridda) - includes blasphemy.The Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence does not include highway robbery.The Hanafi school does not include rebellion and heresy.Except for drinking alcohol, punishments for all Hudud crimes are specified in theQuran or Hadith: stoning-Hadith, amputation and flogging.

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