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# test-3-8-12-03

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Digital Signal Processing by Dr Muhammad Ashraf, S-V, Test-3, Dated: 8-12-2003, Time allowed: 55min
It is a closed book test. The required formulae are provided with the question sheets. Do all necessary
Attempt any three questions. All questions carry equal marks
Q# 1) The Figure titled \u201cSampling and signal reconstruction\u201d is shown blow, x-axis is Time(msec)
(40)
a.)Calculate frequency of the input signal \u2019x(t), sampling frequency \u2018Fs\u2019, sampling interval \u2018T\u2019 and
normalized frequencies \u2018f\u2019 and \u2018\u03c9\u2019.
(2x5 = 10)
b.)How many \u2018sinc\u2019 functions are required to reconstruct the signal for an interval of one cycle and
calculate maximum amplitude of each \u2018sinc\u2019 function for the above-mentioned interval.
(5+10 =15)
c.) The ideal reconstruction formula (ideal interpolation formula) is written below
\u2211
\u2212\u2212
=
\u221e
=\u2212\u221e
=
n
n
T
nT
t
T
nT
t
nT
x
t
y
)
)
(
(
)
)
(
sin(
)
(
)
(
\u03c0\u03c0
8:27 A11/P11
29/11/2009
Page 1 of 5

c.1) Write a general formula to generate a
sinc function and write a formula for
sample two taken at t = 0.2 msec by
placing the numerical values.

(10)
c.2) How reconstructed signal \u2018Y(t)\u2019 is
generated by all sinc functions
(5)
Digital Signal Processing by Dr Muhammad Ashraf, S-V, Test-3, Dated: 8-12-2003, Time allowed: 55min
Q# 2) A plots of BP FIR digital filter is shown below. M = 5, Fs = 100 samples/sec. The band pass filter is
designed by multiplying the impulse response of the low pass filter with cos(\u03b8), \u03b8=pi/3.
(40)
a.) Calculate central, lower and upper cut-off frequencies of the Bpfilter.
(3x5=15)
b.) Plot zeroes in the Z-Plane
(10)
c.) Calculate h(nBP) of the BP filter for n = \u20135, 2, 0,1 and 3.
(2x5=10)
d.)What is use of the last plot \u2018frequency vs. amplitude\u2019.
(5)
8:27 A11/P11
29/11/2009
Page 2 of 5
-M \u2264 n \u2264 M
1
2
1
)
(
+
=
M
nLP
h
Time (Sec)-- - -\ue000
Time (Sec)-- - -\ue000
Time (Sec)-- - -\ue000
.
.
2
cos
(
1
2
1
)
(
M
nBP
h
\u03c0
+
=
cos(w.n)=co
s(2.pi.F.n.
T)
w=pi/3==>F=
Fs/6
Digital Signal Processing by Dr Muhammad Ashraf, S-V, Test-3, Dated: 8-12-2003, Time allowed: 55min

Q# 3) A frequency plots of LP FIR digital filter is shown below. Sampling rate \u2018Fs\u2019 = 20 samples/sec. The cut off
frequency \u2018fc\u2019 of the low pass filter is 5 Hz. The h(n) is calculated by taking its inverse fourier transform
( sinc function) in time domain.

(40)
a.) Calculate time required for the First zero crossing of its inverse fourier transform in time domain. (10)
b.) Calculate the total samples (N = 2M+1) required for the impulse response up to first zero crossing.(10)
c.)Calculate the impulse response h(n) = 2.Fc.sinc(2.Fc.n.T) upto 1st zero crossing. (10)
Frequency Hz
-5
0
5
-10
10
1
Fc
-Fc
Fs/2
-Fs/2
Fs=20 Samples/sec
d.) Repeat parts a,b for Fc = 2Hz.
(10)
Q# 4) The equation for the transfer function of an IIR filter written below.
(40)
a.) Plot pole-zero in Z-Plane
(10)
b.) Write difference equation to calculate y(n).
(10)
c.) If Fs = 200Hz, Calculate Amplitude vs frequency for the frequencies F = 0Hz, 25Hz, 50Hz, 75Hz and
100Hz.
(15)
d.) Which type (LP. BP or HP) of filter is it.
(5)
)
5
.
0
)(
5
.
0
(
)
1
)(
1
(
5
.
0
)
(
)
(
)
(
2
2
\u03c0
\u03c0
j
j
e
z
e
z
z
z
z
X
z
Y
z
H
\u2212
\u2212
+
\u2212
=
=
Q# 5) The plot of a digital resonator having a complex conjugate pole pair on the unit circle in the Z-Plane and a
2nd order zero at the origin is shown to the right.
(40)
a.)Calculate its Transfer function.
?
)
(
)
(
)
(
=
=
z
X
z
Y
z
H
(10)
b.) Calculate its difference equation
(5)
c.)Calculate its impulse response \u2018h(n)\u2019 for 0 \u2264 n \u2264 5, by applying
impulse input (X(n) =\u03b4 (n)).
(10)
d.)The Transfer function of the comb filter H(z) = 1-Z-m assuming m =
20, Write its difference equation.
(5)
e.)The combination (cascading) of comb filter and resonator provides
simple recursive filter. Cascade the above mentioned comb filter and
resonator and write the final difference equation of the BP filter. (10)
Q# 6) The plot for numerical integration and numerical
differentiation is shown to the right.

a.) Derive the difference equation for
differentiation filter, the value of the numerical
derivative at t = nT and calculate its Z-
Transform.

(10)

b.) Derive the difference equation for integration filter, the value of the numerical integral at t = (n+1)T and calculate its Z-Transform. (10)

c.) Convert the analog filter with system function
9
))
1
.
0
(
1
)
(
2
+
+
=
s
s
H
into a digital IIR filter by
use of
1.)S= (1-Z-1)/T
(10)
2.) S=(Z-Z-1)/ T
(10)
8:27 A11/P11
29/11/2009
Page 3 of 5
45o
-45o
Z-Plane
X(t)
nT (n+1)T
(n+2)T
(n-1)T
t
For Numerical
integration
For Numerical
integration
For Numerical
differentation
For Numerical
differentation