through which Gravity was affecting bodies within space). Actually no, he proposed a medium through which Gravity affects bodies within space. That medium was that which that was already known and accepted by the many sages and scientists of the time namely: The AEther.
A very brief History of Science
Now this is a subject that has been around for times ago. At some point, man believed that nature could be describd in terms of 4 elements (Earth, Fire, Air, and Water) surpassed by one elemen (we could call it a Meta-element or Super-element) known as the Aether---which was known to hold all 4 in equilibrium. It is this Aether that was believed to have been the medium through which things are connected, and the medium through which Gravity was affecting bodies within Space. This could all be okay, but, it isn't. Truth being told, the Aether has never had empirical evidence. Of course, for the four, it was somewhat different, for to some measure they could be empirically demonstrated. But the Aether itself was never empirical. Newton, however, did not stop here in his thoughts. He concluded that Gravity was affecting bodies within space through the Aether. That was one thing. He also believed that his model was not to be thought as explaining why things were the way they were. He was simply exposing the mechaninc through which everything seemed to be working. That much he said: God was the one True Power behind it all. That it wasn't through the means of Self-Maintenance that Gravity was operating. God was behind it all. Newton's problem was not just the idea of the Aether as a solution for a medium through which Gravity must act, it was also the Idea that time was constant everywhere in the Universe. Now, as mentioned before, Newton's model is stil being used until today. It is the same system that is being used everytime we send man on the Moon. But as we see, the system was limited as it was incapable of providing a complete framework that would explain not just how Gravity was affecting bodies through Space, but perhaps, how it was doing it within Time. Hence, came a young genius known as: Albert Einstein.