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Bakken Crude Study

Bakken Crude Study

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Published by Rob Port
Bakken Crude Study
Bakken Crude Study

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Published by: Rob Port on Aug 04, 2014
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11/03/2014

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The North Dakota Petroleum Council Study on Bakken Crude Properties Bakken Crude Characterization Task Force
Prepared for the By
Suite 2920, LB 38 2100 Ross Avenue Dallas, Texas 75201 www.turnermason.com  August 4, 2014
 
John R. Auers, P.E. Ryan M. Couture Dennis L. Sutton
 
Table of Contents
 
Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................................... 1 Quality Characterization ........................................................................................................................... 2 Operating Conditions/Impact on Bakken Quality ..................................................................................... 7 Conclusions and Recommended Action Steps .......................................................................................... 9 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................ 11 Test Results/Analyses ................................................................................................................................. 14 API Gravity .............................................................................................................................................. 15 D86 IBP .................................................................................................................................................... 16 Vapor Pressure ........................................................................................................................................ 16 Flash Point ............................................................................................................................................... 17 Light Ends ................................................................................................................................................ 17 Simulated Distillation .............................................................................................................................. 19 Sample Consistency ................................................................................................................................ 20 Sample Methodology Comparison: Floating Piston Cylinder (FPC) versus Standard Glass Bottle ......... 21 Interlaboratory (Round-Robin) Testing ................................................................................................... 22 D86 Variation .......................................................................................................................................... 23 Rail Testing .............................................................................................................................................. 25 Member Contributed Data ..................................................................................................................... 26 AFPM Report Comparison .......................................................................................................................... 27 The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) Report Comparison ................... 30 Operating Conditions .................................................................................................................................. 32 Overview of Sampling, Analytical Methods and Quality Control/Quality Assurance ................................. 38 Sampling .................................................................................................................................................. 38 Analytical Methods and Quality Control/Quality Assurance .................................................................. 39
 
Figures
Figure 1: Rail Sample Locations, With Average Sample Results ................................................... 13 Figure 2: Well Sample Locations, With Average Sample Results ................................................. 14 Figure 3: API Distribution; Total, Rail, Well ................................................................................... 15 Figure 4: API Gravity vs. Measured Vapor Pressure (VPCR
4
) ........................................................ 15 Figure 5: D86 IBP Distribution; Total, Rail, Well ........................................................................... 16 Figure 6: Vapor Pressure Distribution; Total, Rail, Well ............................................................... 17 Figure 7: C2-C4 Distribution: Total, Rail, Well .............................................................................. 18 Figure 8: Light Ends (C2-C4s) Concentration vs. Vapor Pressure ................................................. 18 Figure 9: Bakken Crude Distillation Curve .................................................................................... 19 Figure 10: Simple Distillation Apparatus....................................................................................... 24 Figure 11: Seasonality Data Collected by Member Company ...................................................... 27 Figure 12: Horizontal Three Phase (Gas/Liquid/Water) Separator Diagram ................................ 33 Figure 13: Vertical Treater Diagram .............................................................................................. 34 Figure 14: Vapor Pressure versus Operating Temperature .......................................................... 36 Figure 15: Ethane Liquid Vol. % versus Operating Temperature .................................................. 37 Figure 16: Propane Liquid Vol. % versus Operating Temperature ............................................... 37 Figure 17: Vapor Pressure versus Well Production Rate .............................................................. 38
Tables
Table 1: Comparison of Crude Properties ....................................................................................... 2 Table 2: Bakken Quality Comparison, NDPC to AFPM and PHMSA ................................................ 3 Table 3: AFPM Bakken Report, Crude Quality Comparison Table .................................................. 4 Table 4: NDPC Bakken Crude Sampling Data Summary ................................................................. 7 Table 5: BKN Field Operations Recommended Best Practices ....................................................... 9 Table 6: Distillation Data; Well, Rail, Total ................................................................................... 20 Table 7: Quality Comparison – Well vs. Rail Test Results ............................................................. 21 Table 8: Round Robin API and Vapor Pressure ............................................................................. 22 Table 9: Round Robin D86 IBP ...................................................................................................... 23 Table 10: D86 IBP Variability Testing ............................................................................................ 25 Table 11: Rail Car Source and Destination Testing ....................................................................... 26 Table 12: Member Company Laboratory Comparison (Round-Robin) ......................................... 26 Table 13: Comparison of NDPC to AFPM Study Data ................................................................... 29 Table 14: Comparison of NDPC to PHMSA Study Data ................................................................. 3
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 Table 15: Average Delta (Top-Bottom) of Tank, Rail and Overall Samples .................................. 35

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