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Survey of Remote Attack Surfaces

Survey of Remote Attack Surfaces

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Published by Andy Greenberg
In a talk today at the Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas---and an accompanying 92-page paper---Valasek and Miller will present the results of a broad analysis of dozens of different car makes and models, assessing the vehicles' schematics for the signs that hint at vulnerabilities to auto-focused hackers. The result is a kind of handbook of ratings and reviews of automobiles for the potential hackability of their networked components. “For 24 different cars, we examined how a remote attack might work,” says Valasek, director of vehicle security research at the security consultancy IOActive. “It really depends on the architecture: If you hack the radio, can you send messages to the brakes or the steering? And if you can, what can you do with them?”
In a talk today at the Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas---and an accompanying 92-page paper---Valasek and Miller will present the results of a broad analysis of dozens of different car makes and models, assessing the vehicles' schematics for the signs that hint at vulnerabilities to auto-focused hackers. The result is a kind of handbook of ratings and reviews of automobiles for the potential hackability of their networked components. “For 24 different cars, we examined how a remote attack might work,” says Valasek, director of vehicle security research at the security consultancy IOActive. “It really depends on the architecture: If you hack the radio, can you send messages to the brakes or the steering? And if you can, what can you do with them?”

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Published by: Andy Greenberg on Aug 06, 2014
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09/11/2014

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A
 
Survey
 
of 
 
Remote
 
Automotive
 
Attack
 
Surfaces
 
By
 
Charlie
 
Miller
 
(Twitter:
 
cmiller@openrce.org)
 
&
 
Chris
 
Valasek
 
(IOActive:
 
cvalasek@gmail.com)
 
 
Contents
 
Introduction
 
..................................................................................................................................................
 
5
 
Anatomy
 
of 
 
a
 
Remote
 
Attack
 
........................................................................................................................
 
5
 
This
 
paper
 
......................................................................................................................................................
 
7
 
Remote
 
Attacks
 
not
 
related
 
to
 
Automotive
 
Networks
 
.................................................................................
 
7
 
Author
 
Notes
 
.................................................................................................................................................
 
7
 
Remote
 
Attack
 
Surfaces
 
of 
 
Automobiles
 
......................................................................................................
 
8
 
Passive
 
Anti
Theft
 
System
 
(PATS)
 
.............................................................................................................
 
8
 
Tire
 
Pressure
 
Monitoring
 
System
 
(TPMS)
 
...............................................................................................
 
10
 
Remote
 
Keyless
 
Entry
 
/
 
Start
 
(RKE)
 
.........................................................................................................
 
13
 
Bluetooth
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
15
 
Radio
 
Data
 
System
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
17
 
Telematics
 
/
 
Cellular
 
/
 
Wi
Fi
 
....................................................................................................................
 
18
 
Internet
 
/
 
Apps
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
20
 
Cyber
physical
 
features
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Park
 
assist
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Adaptive
 
cruise
 
control
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Collision
 
prevention
 
................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Lane
 
keep
 
assist
 
......................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Evolution
 
of 
 
Automotive
 
Networks
 
............................................................................................................
 
22
 
Remote
 
Survey
 
............................................................................................................................................
 
24
 
Legend
 
.....................................................................................................................................................
 
24
 
2014
 
Audi
 
A8
 
...........................................................................................................................................
 
25
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
27
 
2014
 
Honda
 
Accord
 
LX
 
(Sedan)
 
...............................................................................................................
 
28
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
30
 
2014
 
Infiniti
 
Q50
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
31
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
33
 
2010
 
Infiniti
 
G37
 
(Sedan)
 
........................................................................................................................
 
34
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
35
 
2006
 
Infiniti
 
G35
 
(Sedan)
 
........................................................................................................................
 
36
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
37
 
2014
 
Jeep
 
Cherokee
 
................................................................................................................................
 
38
 
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
41
 
2014
 
Dodge
 
Ram
 
3500
 
............................................................................................................................
 
42
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
44
 
2014
 
Chrysler
 
300
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
45
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
47
 
2014
 
Dodge
 
Viper
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
49
 
2015
 
Cadillac
 
Escalade
 
AWD
 
...................................................................................................................
 
50
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
52
 
2006
 
Ford
 
Fusion
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
53
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
54
 
2014
 
Ford
 
Fusion
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
55
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
57
 
2014
 
BMW
 
3
 
Series
 
(F30)
 
........................................................................................................................
 
58
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
60
 
2014
 
BMW
 
X3
 
(F25)
 
................................................................................................................................
 
61
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
63
 
2014
 
BMW
 
i12
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
64
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
66
 
2014
 
Range
 
Rover
 
Evoque
 
......................................................................................................................
 
67
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
71
 
2010
 
Range
 
Rover
 
Sport
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
72
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
74
 
2006
 
Range
 
Rover
 
Sport
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
75
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
77
 
2014
 
Toyota
 
Prius
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
78
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
80
 
2010
 
Toyota
 
Prius
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
81
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
83
 
2006
 
Toyota
 
Prius
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
84
 
Diagram
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
86
 
Analysis
 
of 
 
automotive
 
networks
 
...............................................................................................................
 
87
 
Analysis
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
87
 

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