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sample argumentative essay and its tecniques

sample argumentative essay and its tecniques

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Published by syafiq fazil
it is told you about how to write a good argumentative essay and it also give a sample for that.
it is told you about how to write a good argumentative essay and it also give a sample for that.

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Published by: syafiq fazil on Dec 08, 2009
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WRITING a descriptive essay is perhaps more difficult than writing anarrative essay because it makes more demands on one’s use of language.In a descriptive essay, you need to give a detailed description of a person,place, object, experience or memory. Your description must be so effectivethat the person, place, object, experience or memory described is clearlyvisualised by the reader.If you are describing a person, the reader should feel that he knows theperson well. If it is a place that is described, the reader should feel as if he isthere and seeing it with his very eyes. How can this be achieved? Throughthe use of details that appeal to your reader’s senses and a lively tone thatdraws his emotions.
Techniques in descriptive writing
Use details – Focus on the five senses (sight, sound, smell, taste andtouch). Details are very important and when properly used, enabledescriptions to come to life. Use nouns, adjectives and verbs to evoke thesesenses. Nouns and adjectives help the reader see; verbs help the reader feel.Use a lively tone – Show your own feelings, responses and reactions as
 these make your description more vivid and lively.Describe different aspects – If you are describing a person, do not limit
 your description to the person’s physical appearance. Include a detaileddescription of the person’s character and personality and how other peoplereact to him. Include a detailed paragraph of an incident which highlightsone of these aspects.Let’s look at the two extracts below on the topic “An Unforgettable Aunt”.
Sample 1
Aunt Eleanor had a sharp nose and a pair of black eyes. She was thin, andhad a thin, long face, an aquiline nose and sunken cheeks. Her hair wasalways tied in a knot and her clothes were only of one colour – grey. Mycousins and I were afraid of her and always found an excuse to disappearwhenever she was around.
Sample 2
Aunt Eleanor was thin and scrawny and her protruding bones almost madeher look like a walking skeleton. Her aquiline nose and sunken cheeks addedto her witch-like looks and her dark eyes, when they flashed in anger, werecapable of sending tremors of fear down one’s spine. The dreary grey tonesof her clothes and her sparse dark hair, which was always tied in a knot,further emphasised her sternness. My cousins and I cringed with fear andwere reduced to silence when she glared at us with her smouldering darkeyes. Her serious demeanour and scrooge-like appearance did nothing toendear her to us.
Sample 1 is a plain description of the narrator’s aunt. Although there areseveral verbs and adjectives, the description is somewhat dull. Sample 2, onthe other hand, is a vivid and interesting description which brings thecharacter to life. We can almost see her in our mind’s eye and this effect isachieved through the description of the person’s features that are prominentand striking.Note the details about her overall physical appearance (thin, skeleton-like),her facial features (aquiline nose, sunken cheeks, dark eyes), and hermanner of dressing and grooming (dreary grey tones, tight bun). Note thefeelings stirred by her appearance (tremors of fear, reduced to silence,cringed with fear). The description of her physical appearance supports andreinforces her character and personality, and this makes the essayinteresting and engaging.Some writers like to merge descriptive writing with narrative writing. There isnothing wrong with this as the description enriches the narration.
Argumentative essay
 The argumentative essay is much more challenging as it makes greatdemands on your ability to put ideas and opinions across convincingly. Toattempt this type of essay, you must be able to operate at a higher level – interms of thought, language and style.Choose this essay type only if you are able to write sound and compellingarguments using clear and logical reasoning. Flawed or faulty arguments andlack of conviction are some of the weaknesses of a poorly written essay.
Techniques in argumentative writing
  You must be able to look at both sides of an argument – The ability to
 look at both sides of an argument is essential as this will help you presentyour case better.Have between three and five ideas/points to support your stand.
Provide ample supporting details – Use examples and illustrations to
 support your ideas/points.Decide the order in which you want to present your ideas – For an
 effective essay, begin with the most important reason and end with one thatis just as good or convincing.Below is an example of an argumentative essay based on the topic “Publicexams should be abolished. Do you agree?”
Public examinations play an important role in a student’s life in Malaysia. Inhis eleven years of schooling, a student has to sit for three major publicexaminations, the UPSR, PMR and SPM. These examinations are taken
seriously by all parties involved, especially students because the results areused for a wide range of purposes ranging from placement of students toawarding of scholarships. Despite these advantages, I strongly believe that  public examinations should be abolished as they have several drawbacks.To begin with, public examinations to some extent merely test a student’sability to memorise and regurgitate facts. Bloom’s taxonomy of learningranks these skills as lower order thinking skills. Higher order thinking skillssuch as application and inference are often neglected. Students withexcellent memory do well in such examinations while those with poor memorising skills do poorly. Thus, it is not surprising that many studentswith poor recall skills loathe subjects like History and Biology. Another casein point is the Moral Education paper, which requires students to memorisemoral values. This is not a valid test as it tests only a student’s knowledge of values, not the practice of these values. An A in this paper does not guarantee that the student is a morally sound and virtuous individual. And what about the student who gets an E? Are we suggesting that he is not amorally upright individual? Another reason why I am not in favour of public examinations is that they are not the best way to identify a student’s strengths or weaknesses. This isbecause these examinations test only certain skills. Allow me to illustrate my  point. The language papers, for example, test a student’s reading and writing skills only and even so, the range of sub-skills tested is limited. An Ain these subjects does not reflect a student’s competency in all areas of thelanguage. For all you know, he may be an incompetent speaker. Or for that matter, does a C mean a student is about average in all the language skills?Do these grades tell us where a student’s strengths and weaknesses lie? Another major drawback is that teaching in schools today is largely influenced by public examinations. Teachers teach to prepare students for exams and not for life. As such, many of our students are ill-prepared to facethe challenges of the real world. This also goes against the grain of our National Philosophy of Education where the emphasis is on character building and the development of human capital. All parties involved are to beblamed for this as they are more concerned with student achievement and not student development. At the end of the day, parents want straight A’sfor their children, principals want excellent performances from their studentsand teachers, and the list goes on.Finally, in their quest for excellent academic results, school becomes a boreand a chore. Students are overwhelmed with homework, extra classes and tuition, and teachers are overworked, leaving both parties with little or notime for relaxation. Thus, it is not surprising that students choose to ignoreco-curricular activities. They see these as a waste of precious time. Parents,too, are affected by the emphasis on academic achievement. Some go to

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