"Paludism" or Paludeen fever"
: Parasite Disease
Malaria is a worldwide problem with two-thirds of the world's population living in malarious areas and if global warming eventuates, this proportioncould increase to three-quarters by 2010. At a conservative estimate there are 250 millionnew infections per year. The problem is getting worse because of increasing anti-malariadrug resistance by parasites, as well as increasing resistance to insecticides bymosquitoes. It is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites andwidespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia,and Africa. Each year, there are approximately 515 million cases of malaria, killing between one and three million people, the majority of whom are young children in Sub-Saharan Africa.Malaria is commonly associated with poverty, but is also a cause of poverty and a major hindrance to economic development.
The disease is caused byprotozoan parasites
. This group of human-pathogenic
species isusually referred to as
Patient with Malaria in Tanzanian malaria Deadly Reign
Malaria parasites are transmitted by female
mosquitoes. The parasites multiply within red blood cells, causing symptoms thatinclude symptoms of anemia , as well as other general symptoms suchas fever, chills, nausea, flu-like illness, and in severe cases, coma anddeath. Malaria transmission can be reduced by preventing mosquitobites with mosquito nets and insect repellents, or by mosquito controlmeasures such as spraying insecticides inside houses and drainingstanding water where mosquitoes lay their eggs. Malaria infections aretreated through the use of antimalarial drugs, suchas quinine orartemisinin derivatives, although drug resistance isincreasingly common
Types of malaria:
There are 4 types of malaria that infect humans: