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HNC EEE DigiHistory ElectroTech007

# HNC EEE DigiHistory ElectroTech007

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A Short History of Digital Electronics
A Short History of Digital Electronics

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01/04/2010

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BTEC HNC ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICENGINEERING
UNIT: Digital & Analogue Devices & Circuits
A Short History of DigitalElectronics
ElectroTech007
04-01-10

HNC EEE A Short History of Digital Electronics ElectroTech007
Digital Electronics
What is Digital Electronics?
The use of the term digital in electronic systems indicates the use of digital signals. Adigital signal is where two voltage levels are represented by binary logic
levels (1‟s &0‟s)
to produce two states (1 = true or 0 = false) (Fig.1).
Fig.1
Example of digital waveform, 1 = (low level/false), 2 = (high level/true), 3 = (rising edge), 4 = (falling edge)
Digital electronics circuits are representations of Boolean algebra first developed byGeorge Boole (Fig.2)
in the 1830‟s and later documented in his book “Aninvestigation of the laws of thought” 1854.

Fig.2
George Boole mathematician & creator of Boolean algebra
What is Boolean algebra?
Boolean algebra is the algebra of two values namely 1 and 0, or as also termed trueand false; which represent logical operations and relationships. This gave birth to the
term binary logic (1‟s & 0‟s).

HNC EEE A Short History of Digital Electronics ElectroTech007
In 1936 a German engineer Konrad Zuse (Fig.3) used Boolean algebra to create amechanical arithmetic unit based on the binary system which he called the Z1calculating machine (Fig.4). This machine was mainly mechanical in nature exceptfor a small electrical engine used to create a clock signal of 1 Hz.
Fig.3