3. A machine gun fires 0.050-kg bullets at the rate of 4 bullets persecond. The bullets leave the gun at a speed of 1000 m/s. What is theaverage recoil force experienced by the machine gun?
BEFOREAFTER Mass of bullet = 0.05 kgVelocity of bullet = 0 m/sMass of bullet = 0.05 kgVelocity of bullet = 1000 m/sP
= 0 kg*m/sP
= (1000 m/s)(0.05 kg)P
= 50 kg*m/sThe bullet is not an isolated system and its momentum has changed. The changein momentum is called impulse and has a value of 50 kg*m/s. The force the gunexerts on the bullet is the same force the bullet exerts on the gun. So the gunreceives the same impulse the bullet receives only in the opposite direction!Impulse = F * tF = I / tBut we don’t know time!!!But wait, we do! If 4 bullets are everysecond then 1 bullet would be firedevery 0.25 seconds.F = (- 50 kg*m/s) / (0.25 seconds)
F = - 200 N
The negative sign is because theimpulse of the bullet was positive soin order for the gun to have an equal but opposite impulse the gun’simpulse would be negative. Thenegative force means the bulletexerted the force on the gun to theleft.