"THE TRAGIC END OF THE BRONZE AGE"
FADE IN:INT. LIVING ROOM OR LIBRARY SETEpisode begins with a scholarly INTRODUCER. (He or she mayor may not be the same as the NARRATOR.)INTRODUCERCatastrophes shaped ancient history.Ancient history that goes so far backwe generally think of it as archeologyand even anthropology.SUPER, OR SPLIT-SCREEN: TIMELINE GRAPH.CENTURY-CALIBRATED GRAPH SHOWS: beginning of last Ice Ageseries circa 35,000 BC, end of Ice Age circa 8,000 BC,climate change 2200 BC, Thera volcanic explosion circa 1500BC, Population decimation - smallpox caused? - disaster1200-1100 BC, followed by indication of dark age, 1100 BCuntil circa 800 BC, then indicator of 0 AD, indicator ofpresent. (introduced "timeline graph" format is usedthroughout)INTRODUCER (continuing)There was the onset and then theretreat of the last Ice Age. The onsetmay have contributed to thedisappearance of the Neanderthals. Itscomparatively sudden end camecoincidentally with, and thus may haveinduced, the beginnings of agricultureand the city-based human epoch we callcivilization.Then there may have been a suddenclimate change four millennia ago. In2200 BC, coincidentally about the timeComet Hale-Bopp previously appeared in2213 BC, fragile early civilizations inEgypt and Mesopotamia collapsed intochaos for at least a century.*
Science 20 August 1993, pg 995.Pharaoh Pepi II followed by First IntermediateAkkad and King Naram-Sin overrun by Guti, then Amorites.