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Roxburgh, Kelso

Roxburgh, Kelso

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
In June 2003 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team at the site of the medieval burgh of Roxburgh, Scottish Borders, centred on grid reference NT 720 340. Time Team’s project design suggested that Roxburgh is the only complete deserted medieval town in Europe. It is a site of considerable importance and a Scheduled Monument (No. 4282). The evaluation comprised a geophysical survey and six trial trenches located across the site, totalling no more than 250 square metres.
The archaeological evaluation was successful in achieving the aims and objectives of the project. The geophysical survey indicated that ploughing had disturbed the southern areas of the burgh. The ploughing had masked geophysical responses from underlying archaeological features, except for the likely positions of former streets and the defensive ditch to the east of the burgh. The geophysical survey indicated significantly less disturbed archaeological deposits in the west and north of the burgh, including possible structures and buildings.
In June 2003 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s Time Team at the site of the medieval burgh of Roxburgh, Scottish Borders, centred on grid reference NT 720 340. Time Team’s project design suggested that Roxburgh is the only complete deserted medieval town in Europe. It is a site of considerable importance and a Scheduled Monument (No. 4282). The evaluation comprised a geophysical survey and six trial trenches located across the site, totalling no more than 250 square metres.
The archaeological evaluation was successful in achieving the aims and objectives of the project. The geophysical survey indicated that ploughing had disturbed the southern areas of the burgh. The ploughing had masked geophysical responses from underlying archaeological features, except for the likely positions of former streets and the defensive ditch to the east of the burgh. The geophysical survey indicated significantly less disturbed archaeological deposits in the west and north of the burgh, including possible structures and buildings.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Jan 14, 2010
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Roxburgh, Floors Castle EstateKelso, Scotland
January 2004
 An Archaeological Evaluation and an Assessment of the ResultsRef: 52568.06
    W    e    s    s    e    x      A   r   c     h    a    e    o     l    o    g     y  
 
OLD ROXBURGH, FLOORS CASTLE ESTATE, KELSO,SCOTLANDAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION ANDAN ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS
Document Ref. 52568.06January 2004
Prepared for:
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
© Copyright The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited 2004, all rights reserved The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited, Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
 2
OLD ROXBURGH, FLOORS CASTLE ESTATE, KELSO,SCOTLANDAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION ANDAN ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS
Contents
 Summary..................................................................................................................4Acknowledgements.................................................................................................51BACKGROUND...........................................................................................61.1 Introduction....................................................................................................61.2 Description of the site....................................................................................61.3 Previous archaeological work .......................................................................72 METHODS....................................................................................................82.1 Introduction....................................................................................................82.2Aims and objectives.......................................................................................82.3Research questions.........................................................................................82.4Strategy..........................................................................................................82.3 Fieldwork methods.........................................................................................93 RESULTS....................................................................................................103.1 Introduction..................................................................................................103.2 Geophysical survey......................................................................................103.3 Archaeological evaluation............................................................................113.4 Trench 1.......................................................................................................113.5 Trench 2.......................................................................................................133.6 Trench 3.......................................................................................................153.7 Trench 4.......................................................................................................163.8 Trench 5.......................................................................................................173.9 Trench 6.......................................................................................................174 FINDS..........................................................................................................184.1 Introduction..................................................................................................184.2 Pottery..........................................................................................................184.3 Ceramic building material............................................................................194.4 Metalwork....................................................................................................194.5 Other finds....................................................................................................194.6 Architectural fragment.................................................................................194.7 Human bone.................................................................................................204.8 Animal bone.................................................................................................20

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