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Normalization

Normalization

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Published by suresh12_dmm

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: suresh12_dmm on Feb 02, 2010
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07/12/2013

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  Normalisation
 
Database Normalization
Proposed by Codd (1972)
Introduced 3 normal forms, the first, second and thirdnormal form
A stronger definition of 3NF - called Boyce-Coddnormal form (CDNF) was proposed later
Later, 4NF and 5NF were proposedThe minimum, and most common, goal is to achieve 3NF.
 
Database Normalization
Normalization 
Is the process of analyzing the givenrelational schema based on itsfunctional dependencies andkeysto achieve the desirable properties of:
Minimizing redundancy
Minimizing the insertion, deletion, and updatinganomalies
Minimize data storage
Unsatisfactory relation schema that do not meet agiven normal form test are decomposed into smallerrelational schemas that meet the test and hencepossess the desired properties.
Key Concepts in normalization are
 Functional Dependency andkeys

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