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Optic Problems

# Optic Problems

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08/17/2010

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2010

Marios Antoniou2/11/2010
OPTICS PRACTICEPROBLEMS

OPTICS REVIEW PROBLEMS
1 When a light wave enters a new medium and isrefracted, there must be a change in the light wave’s(1) color (3) period(2) frequency (4) speed2 The speed of light in a piece of plastic is 2.00×10
8

meters per second. What is the absolute indexof refraction of this plastic?(1) 1.00 (3) 1.33(2) 0.670 (4) 1.50
1
3 An electromagnetic wave traveling through avacuum has a wavelength of 1.5 ×10
–1
meter.What is the period of this electromagnetic wave?(1) 5.0 ×10
–10

s (3) 4.5 ×10
7

s(2) 1.5 ×10
–1

s (4) 2.0 ×10
9

s4 A ray of light (
f
= 5.09 ×10
14

Hz) traveling in air strikes a block of sodium chloride at an angle of incidence of 30°. What is the angle of refraction for the light ray in the sodium chloride?(1) 19° (3) 40°(2) 25° (4) 49°5 The speed of a ray of light traveling through asubstance having an absolute index of refraction of 1.1 is(1) 1.1 ×10
8

m/s (3) 3.0 ×10
8

m/s(2) 2.7 ×10
8

m/s (4) 3.3 ×10
8

m/s6 Which quantity is equivalent to the product of theabsolute index of refraction of water and the speedof light in water?(1) wavelength of light in a vacuum(2) frequency of light in water (3) sine of the angle of incidence(4) speed of light in a vacuum7 Radio waves and gamma rays traveling in spacehave the same(1) frequency (3) period(2) wavelength (4) speed8 The spreading of a wave into the region behind anobstruction is called(1) diffraction (3) reflection(2) absorption (4) refraction9 A beam of light travels through medium
X
with aspeed of 1.80 ×10
8
meters per second.Calculate the absolute index of refraction of medium
X
. [Show all work, including the equationand substitution with units.]10 The speed of light (
f
= 5.09 ×10
14

Hz) in atransparent material is 0.75 times its speed in air.The absolute index of refraction of the material isapproximately(1) 0.75 (3) 2.3(2) 1.3 (4) 4.011 The diagram below shows a ray of light passingfrom medium
X
into air.What is the absolute index of refraction of medium
X
?(1) 0.500 (3) 1.73(2) 2.00 (4) 0.57712 What occurs when light passes from water intoflint glass?(1) Its speed decreases, its wavelength becomesshorter, and its frequency remains the same.(2) Its speed decreases, its wavelength becomesshorter, and its frequency increases.(3) Its speed increases, its wavelength becomeslonger, and its frequency remains the same.(4) Its speed increases, its wavelength becomeslonger, and its frequency decreases.13 The diagram below shows straight wave fronts passing through an opening in a barrier.This wave phenomenon is called(1) reflection (3) polarizaton(2) refraction (4) diffraction14 The speed of light in a material is 2.50 ×10
8
meters per second. What is the absolute index of refraction of the material?(1) 1.20 (3) 7.50(2) 2.50 (4) 0.833

15 The diagram below shows parallel rays of lightincident on an irregular surface.Which phenomenon of light is illustrated by thediagram?1 diffraction 3 regular reflection2 refraction 4 diffuse reflection16 What is the speed of light in a medium having anabsolute index of refraction of 2.3?(1) 0.77 ×10
8
m/s (3) 1.5 ×10
8

m/s(2) 1.3 ×10
8

m/s (4) 2.3 ×10
8

m/s17 The diagram below shows a ray of light passingthrough two media.When the wave travels from medium
A
intomedium
B,
its speed1 decreases2 increases3 remains the same18 Experiments performed with light indicate thatlight exhibits1 particle properties, only2 wave properties, only3 both particle and wave properties4 neither particle nor wave properties19 What is the energy of a quantum of light havinga frequency of 6.0 ×10
14

hertz?(1) 1.6 ×10
–19

J (3) 3.0 ×10
8

J(2) 4.0 ×10
–19

J (4) 5.0 ×10
–7

J20 The speed of light in a piece of plastic is 2.00×10
8

meters per second. What is the absolute indexof refraction of this plastic?(1) 1.00 (3) 1.33(2) 0.670 (4) 1.5021 A ray of light (
f
= 5.09 ×10
14

Hz) traveling in air strikes a block of sodium chloride at an angle of incidence of 30°. What is the angle of refraction for the light ray in the sodium chloride?(1) 19° (3) 40°(2) 25° (4) 49°22 The speed of a ray of light traveling through asubstance having an absolute index of refraction of 1.1 is(1) 1.1 ×10
8

m/s (3) 3.0 ×10
8

m/s(2) 2.7 ×10
8

m/s (4) 3.3 ×10
8

m/s23 Which phenomenon provides evidence that lighthas a wave nature?(1) emission of light from an energy-level transitionin a hydrogen atom(2) diffraction of light passing through a narrowopening(3) absorption of light by a black sheet of paper (4) reflection of light from a mirror 24 Which diagram best represents the path taken bya ray of monochromatic light as it passes from air through the materials shown?25 What is the speed of a ray of light (
f
= 5.09 ×10
14
hertz) traveling through a block of sodium chloride?(1) 1.54 ×10
8

m/s (3) 3.00 ×10
8

m/s(2) 1.95 ×10
8

m/s (4) 4.62 ×10
8

m/s26 Which phenomenon occurs when an objectabsorbs wave energy that matches the object’snatural frequency?(1) reflection (3) resonance(2) diffraction (4) interference27 A ray of monochromatic light (
f
= 5.09 ×10
14
hertz) in air is incident at an angle of 30° on a boundary with corn oil. What is the angle of refraction, to the nearest degree, for this light ray inthe corn oil?(1) (3) 30°(2) 20° (4) 47°