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Transformational Generative Grammar

Transformational Generative Grammar

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Published by Rizwan Rao

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Published by: Rizwan Rao on Feb 17, 2010
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Transformational Generative Grammar
“Transformational Generative Grammar Theorywas presented byNoam Chomsky. This theory is about structure (Syntax) of sentences ina language. This theory tells us how syntax is formed and learned.
 The study and organization or arrangement of sentences in alanguage is called Syntax. T.G.G theory explains this arrangement and organization of sentences. It means how correct and well-formed sentences are madeor formed.First generation takes place and then transformation takes place. There are two main parts of this theory, which are as follows:
Generation or Generative Grammar
 Transformation or Transformational Grammar
Transformational Generative Grammar
Generative GrammarTransformational GrammarLet’s concentrate on both of these aspects of T.G.G.
1: Generation or Generative Grammar:
 This part of T.G.G deals with the generation of sentences, i.e.,correct and well-formed sentences. For this some rules are necessaryfor the formation of correct sentences. Now Generation Grammar canbe defined as:“A particular type of grammar which would have a very explicitsystem of rules specifying what combinations of basic elements wouldresult in well-formed sentences.”It means that Generation Grammar is a set of basic principlesand explicit rules which deals with the formation of sentences.Now take a look on these basic explicit rules for generation of sentences.
Rule 1:
We know that the basic structure of a sentence is that itconsists of a Noun Phrase and Verb Phrase i.e., NP and VP.
Rule 2:
A Noun Phrase usually consists of a noun and article as in
ora noun as in
or it may consist of a noun, article and adjective as in
Rule 3:
A Verb Phrase is usually consists of a verb and prepositionalphrase as in
or an auxiliary verb and verb as in,I am reading newspaper.or it may consist of a verb and adverb as in,She walks quickly.We can create or generate many sentences or structures by keeping inview any basic rule or structure in mind.
Qualities of Generative Grammar
Some basic qualities of generative grammar are given asunder;
Quality 1:
By using these explicit rules we will form correct and well-formed sentences, not incorrect and ill-formed.
Quality 2:
By using one structure or finite structures a number of orinfinite sentences can be produced.
Quality 3:
Recursion or Recursive rule
Recursion is the capacity to be applied more than once ingenerating a structure.e.g.,“He is the man who caught the thief who stole the jewelry that Ibought yesterday”In this example relative clause is used more than once to create a longsentence. It means that we can create long sentences by Recursionrule. The same rule can be applied again and again to create moreand more sentences.NP + VPNP + VPAhmad thought Ali helped him
Quality 4:Deep structure and Surface Structure
On the basis of Generative Grammar we are able todifferentiate between deep and surface structures.
Surface Structure:
 The formal structure of a sentence as it actually occurs inspeech. It is the apparent structure of a sentence.
Deep Structure:

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thank u lot sir.its so helpful for the stdnts of lang n literature
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