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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking



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Published by manas1154
critical thinking, uop,
critical thinking, uop,

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Published by: manas1154 on Feb 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Critical Thinking
Critical thinking means thinking independently. When an activity is based on the principles of criticalthinking, each formulates his own ideas, assessment, and beliefs, regardless of the rest. No one can think critically for us. We are doing this solely for ourselves. Consequently, thinking can be critical only if it isindividual.Critical thinking is not necessary to be completely original: we can accept the idea or conviction of another  person as our own.Information is the starting but not the ending point of critical thinking. Knowledge creates motivation,without which man cannot think critically. To create a complex idea you have to revise a lot of material -facts, ideas, texts, theories, data, and concepts.Critical thinking begins with asking questions and understanding the problems that need to be solved. Wenotice something new and we want to know what it is. We see some attraction and we already want to getinside.Critical thinking tends to give argument. Critical thinking man finds his own solution and reinforces thisdecision with reasonable, justifiable arguments. He is also aware that there may be other solutions for thesame problem, and tries to prove that the chosen solution is more logically and rationally than others.Every argumentation contains three main elements. The center of argument, its main content is the assertion(also called the thesis, the main idea or situation). The adoption is supported by several arguments. Each of the arguments, in turn, is supported by evidence. As evidence can be used statistics data, excerpts from texts, personal experience and everything that speaks in favor of this argument and can be recognized by other  participants in the discussion. Under all of these elements of the argumentation and evidence is located thefourth element: the foundation. The reason - it is a kind of premise, the starting point, which is common for the speaker or writer and his audience, which suggests the whole argument.The argumentation wins, given the existence of possible counter-arguments, which are either disputed or considered permissible. Recognition of other points of view only strengthens the argument.Critical thinking is also social thinking. Every thought is verified and perfected, when it is shared with others.When we argue, we read, discuss, disagree and deepen our own position.The ideal critical thinking is usually associated with human curiosity, well informed, the reason for trust,open-mindedness, flexibility, fairness in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in judgments,the desire to revise, clarify issues and complex questions carefully to find the necessary informationreasonably in the selection criteria, uniformity in the search results that are as accurate as the primary sourcesused.

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