Chapter 2 — QuickStudyHistorical reasons for immigration to the UK
• In the distant past, invaders came to Britain, seized land and stayed.• In the 16th and 18th centuries, Huguenots came to Britain to escapereligious persecution.• In the mid 1840s many Irish people migrated to Britain to escape a terriblefamine in Ireland.• Between 1880 and 1910, a large number of Jewish people came to Britainto escape racist attacks.
Immigration to the UK since 1945
• The British government encouraged workers from Ireland and other parts of Europe to come to the UK to help with the reconstruction after the SecondWorld War.• People from the West Indies were also invited to come and work.• During the 1950s, Textile firms from the north of England and engineeringfirms from the Midlands brought workers from India and Pakistan.• In the 1970's, 28,000 refugees of Indian origin came from Uganda and22,000 refugees came from South East Asia.• In the 1980s the largest immigrant groups came from the United States,Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand.• In the early 1990’s, groups of people came from the former Soviet Union.
• In 1918, women over the age of 30 were given the right to vote and tostand for election to Parliament.• In 1928 the voting age for women was lowered to 21.• Laws have been introduced to prevent discrimination against women in theworkplace.
• Over the last 20 years, attitudes towards divorce and separation havechanged.• 65% of children live with both birth parents.• Almost 25% live in lone-parent families.• 10% live within a stepfamily.
Children and young people
• Most children in Britain receive weekly pocket money from their parents.• Many get extra money for doing jobs around the house.• Many young people move away from their family home when they becomeadults but this varies from one community to another.
• Education Britain is free.• It is compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 16 years old.• England and Scotland have compulsory testing at ages 7, 11 and 14.• Wales assess children at 7 and 11.• At 16, children can take GCSE's or vocational exams.• At 17 and 18 they can take Advanced level exams.• The government target is that half of all young people attend highereducation.
• There are strict laws about the age when children can take up paid work(usually not before 14), the type of work they can do and the number of hours they can work.
• By law, it is illegal to sell tobacco products to anyone under 16 years old.• Young people under the age of 18 are not allowed to buy alcohol.