• The basic interface between tool and work is pictured below. This shows a peripheralmilling tooth.
Fig. 12.4 Up cut (conventional ) milling
The milling method shown above in fig. 12.4 is called up-cut (or conventional)milling. In this case the tableis moving towards the cutter, opposing the cutter direction. The basic steps of chipcutting hereare,1. As the tooth makes contact with the surface, the tooth begins to push down. As thetooth continues to turn, it reaches a point at which the pressure has built up to a highlevel, and the tooth begin to dig in.2. As the tooth starts to dig, it cuts down, and the metal chip begins to shear off.3. The tooth continues to cut the chip off, until it reaches the surface of the material.At this point the chip breaks free, and the cutting forces drop to zero. Because thecutter does not start to cut when it makes contact, and because the advance moves
When the cutter rotation is in the same direction as the motion of the work being fed,it is
referred to a Down-cut, or climb milling.
When this cutter makes contact with the work, it must begin cutting at the maximumtorque. As a result, a back-lash eliminator must be used to take play out of the system.• This method has advantages,
Fig. 12.5 Up cut and down cut milling
- The cutter forces are directed into the table, which reduces fixture forces, and allows