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Fundamental of Computer

Fundamental of Computer

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Published by: rahulyadav366438 on Mar 23, 2010
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Block diagram of computer systemDefinition: - a computer is an electronic device which takes data and instructions from theuser and after processing producing gives result in useful form. During processing it has toperform:-Taking data and instruction from user.Conversion data into information.Give/display the result.Component of computerA computer system of four units-(1) Input unit(2) Output unit(3) Control processing unit(4) Secondary storage unit.(1) Input unit
data and instruction must inter the computer system before anycomputation can be performed. This task is performed by the input unit.
(A) It needs the instruction and data.(B) Its convert these data and instruction in computer expectable.(C) Its supplied the converted instruction and data to the computer system forprocessing.(2) Output unit- the job of an output unit is just refers to input. It sands the informationfrom the processing to the user. Computer works with binary number. So output unitconvert binary number into user acceptable from.(3) Control processing unit- the memory unit, control unit, arithmetic and logical unit to acomputer are jointly known as control processing unit.The C.P.U is the brain of computer. In a human body are function directed by thebrain.Similarly in a computer system in a computer system all major calculation is madeinside the C.P.U.(4) Memory unit (primary memory or secondary)
memory unit of C.P.U is also known asprimary memory unit. Primary memory unit is used to store data and instruction result.This information is stored temporary. This storage can how information only which thecomputer is an as such as the computer switch off the data get erased.(5) Control unit- the control unit manage and co-ordinate the entire computer to system.It takes the instruction from the programs stored in the main memory needs theinstruction and sends the information to outer units to execute (run) them.(6) A.L.U (arithmetic and logic unit)
In an ALU are designingperformed the from basic. Arithmetic calculation addition, subtraction, multiplication and division such as less thengreater than.(7) Secondary storage unit
to store data and final results permanently secondary storagedevices are used. Just commonly used of secondary storage devices are hard disks, floppydisk, and C.D etc.History of computer
1) - MARK-I 1937 electro mechanic computer.2) - ENIAC 1943 electric numerical integrator and calculator3) - EDVAC 1946 electronic discrete variable and automatic computer4) - Univac-I 1951 universal automatic computer.The earliest device that used in computer is the ABACUS also knows as SOROBAN.This device is developed in 600 BC. CHARLES BABBAGE (19
century) professor atCambridge University is the father of modern digital computer. In 1822), he devolved amachine called differential engine.MARK-I (1937-1943) - mark-I is the first electric mechanical computer. Both mechanicaland electronic components were used in its design. Its weight was 35 ton.ENIVAC (1943-1946) - ENIAC was the first electronic computer. J.P.Eckert and JohnMouchly developed it.EDVAC (1946-1952)
EDVAC was developed by Dr. John Von Neumann.UNIVAC-I (1951)
UNIVAC was the first digital computer.GENERATION OF COMPUTER Computer technology has evolved rapidly since 1951. Development of the computer tookplace in different phase can be viewed as a distinct generation. In all, there are fivegeneration of computers each characterized by its unique features.First generation computerTime period 1951-1959

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