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Pspice Tut

Pspice Tut

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Published by: pradepradeep on Apr 03, 2010
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06/13/2012

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A Tutorial for Schematics
 
- the PSpice Schematic Capture Utility
 
* Schematics NetlistX_U1 $N_0002 $N_0003$N_0004 $N_0005 $N_0001UA741V_VCC $N_0004 0 dc 10V_VEE $N_0005 0 dc -10V_Vin $N_0006 0 dc 0 ac 1R_R1 $N_0006 $N_0007 2732R_R2 $N_0007 $N_0002 2732R_R4 $N_0003 $N_0001 1.52k R_R3 0 $N_0003 10k C_C1 $N_0007 $N_0001 1nC_C2 0 $N_0002 1nX_U2 $N_0008 $N_0009$N_0004 $N_0005 vout UA741R_R1B $N_0001 $N_0010 2732R_R2B $N_0010 $N_00082732
 
Written by W.C. DillardAuburn University
 
 2
Outline/Contents
PART I. PSPICE FUNDAMENTALS
 I. Introductory Remarks ……………………………………………………………… 3A. Spice, PSpice and
Schematics
 B. Font ConventionsC. The Passive Sign Convention and PSpiceII. What is
Schematics
and what can it do for you? ………………………………….... 4III. Units and Unit Prefixes ………………………………………………………..…… 4
PART II. CONSTRUCTING AND SIMULATING A DC CIRCUIT
 I. Drawing Circuit Diagrams with
Schematics
…………………………………….….. 5A. Getting Parts …………………………………………………………………….. 6B. Changing a Part’s Name and Attributes ………………………………………… 7C. Arranging Parts and Pin Numbers ………………………………………………. 8D. Wiring Parts ……………………………………………………………………... 8E. The Analog Ground ………………………………………………………………9F. Saving Schematics ………………………………………………………………. 9II. Getting Results ………………………....………………………………………..….. 10A. The Netlist, Arrgh!B. Naming Nodes …………………………………………………………………. 10C. Displaying Results on the Schematic ………………………………………….. 11D. Printing your Drawing …………………………………………………………. 11III. Running PSpice from
Schematics
and Choosing an Analysis Type ……………….. 13A. Obtaining a Bias Point Detail ……………………………………………14B. Obtaining a dc Sweep ……………..………………….…………………… 15IV. Running and Using PROBE ……………………………………………………….. 16A. Adding TracesB. Using MarkersC. Other PROBE Features - Label, Cursor, Copying and Saving ……………….. 19V. Printing your Drawing. ……………………………..……………………………… 12VI. Your First Schematic ………………………………………………………………. 20
PART III. CONSTRUCTING AND SIMULATING AN AC CIRCUIT
 I. Obtaining an ac Analysis and making Bode Plots …………………………………. 21A. ac Sweeps ……………………………………………………………….……… 21B. Making Bode Plots …………………………………………………………….. 24
PART IV. CONSTRUCTING AND SIMULATING A TRANSIENT CIRCUIT
 I. Constructing and Simulating a Transient Circuit……….……..……………………. 25II. Setting Initial Conditions …………………………………………………………... 27
PART V. CONCLUSIONS
 
 
 3
PART I. PSPICE FUNDAMENTALSI. Introductory Remarks
 
A. Spice, PSpice and Schematics
Spice (Simulation Program with IntegratedCircuit Emphasis) was developed at theUniversity of California at Berkeley. Itquickly became an industry standard for simulating integrated circuits and is stilldistributed at low cost (comparatively) togovernment facilities such as universities.As the electronics industry advanced, severalcompanies began to sell PC and Macintoshcompatible versions of Spice. One suchcompany, ORCAD Corporation, produces aPC compatible version called PSpice. Inthis tutorial, we are using the
StudentVersion 9.1
, which is free from ORCAD viaeither CD or download. (Go to ORCAD’swebsite to request the CD or download thesoftware directly.)In Spice, circuit information such as thenames and values of resistors and sourcesand how they were connected is input usingdata statements with a specific format.Particulars for every element must be typedin the exact proper order. This makesdebugging difficult since you have to knowthe proper format to recognize the mistakesyou might make in formatting! Anadvancement in PSpice is a program, called
Schematics
, which bypasses the crypticformatting, allowing you to draw the circuitdiagram and assign element values via user-friendly dialog boxes. ORCAD packages
Schematics
in a ‘software suite’ thatincludes PSPICE (the simulation engine)and PROBE (a plotting utility). Learning touse
Schematics
and its support programs iswhat this tutorial is all about
B. Font Conventions
 Since we’ll be discussing text you mightneed to type into dialog boxes within
Schematics
as well as text the program itself will return to the screen, the following fontsare adopted.
 
All text you type in will inthis font 
.
 All text the program returns will be in this font.
 Finally, all the text contained in dialogboxes and menus will be in this font.
 
C. The Passive Sign Convention andPSpice
 All currents and voltages in PSpice and
Schematics
obey the passive sign conventionshown in Figure 1. The voltage across theelement is defined positive at node
m
withrespect to node
n
. Obviously, the orderingof the nodes is quite important. In fact,we’ll return to this concept of node
m
versusnode
n
several times. If 
mn
as calculated byPSpice is positive, then PSpice will return a positive number. If the current valuereturned by PSpice is positive, then currentflows in at node
m
and out of node
n
. For example, if we ask PSpice its calculationsfor 
mn
and
 I 
and it said, -4.5 and 2.2E-3, weknow that node
n
is 4.5 V positive withrespect to node
m
and a current of 2.2 mAflows from
m
to
n
. In other words, theelement is a source.
m n
+ V
mn
-
Element 
I
FIGURE 1
 

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