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ch14-2web

ch14-2web

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on May 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Chem 5
Chapter 14Solutions and Their Physical PropertiesPart 2December 11, 2002
 
A saturated solution –solvent and solute in dynamic equilibriumA
super-saturated solution
 –the quantity of solute is greaterthan that in a saturated solution. It is unstable and the excesssolute crystallizes upon adding a few crystals of solute.-This is a nonequilibrium phenomenon.
Instant Hotpack
CH
3
COO
-
(aq) + Na
+
(aq)
CH
3
COONa(s)
H < 0An exothermic reaction
Adding a few sodium acetate crystals into a
super-saturated solution
of sodium acetate causes crystallization.
 
Another nonequilibrium phenomenon
Super cooled liquidHow to make artificial rain?
Clouds are composed of small waterdroplets; in order to condense them intoraindrops, nucleation sites are needed.Because of supercooling, rain does notform even at –10
°
C. In order toaccelerate the formation of the crystalnucleus, dry ice is dispersed in clouds.Sublimation of dry ice cools down thewater droplets and creates nucleation sitesthat result in rain formation over a smallregion.

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