Why does wood need to be treated?
Wood will decay if temperature, oxygen, and moisture are not controlled. The simplest wayto prevent biological deterioration is to keep wood dry. However, this is not practical foroutdoor structures. Where temperature, oxygen,and moisture cannot be entirely controlled, use of decay-resistant wood species and/orwoods treated with preservatives is the only option to prevent wood deterioration.
What form of deterioration can take place?
Decrease of strength due to faults.
Absorption of water, thereby causing warping.
So how is treatment done?
Wood is treated with copper and arsenic forced into the grain inside high-pressurecylinders. Because the chemicals are fixed in the wood and don't leach out, pressure-treated wood is safe to use in vegetable gardens.
Wood preservative contains chemicals that kill the fungi and insects that discolor or destroywood.
A water repellent is a penetrating wood finish loaded with oils or waxes designed toprevent water from soaking into wood.After wood is properly treated with any waterborne-preservative-treatment process, it isre-dried (kiln dried or air dried).