campaign of (We are all Layla).
2. Cyber-Feminism: An Egyptian Version of "Girl Power"
Cyber-feminism is a sub-movement of feminism that deals with female identity andfeminist theory in the domain of 'cyberspace', i.e. computers, the Internet andinformation technology. Women who choose to use communication technology as ameans of organizing or activism. Definition as a political strategy Linking the terms"cyber" and "feminism" produces a crucial new formation in the history of feminism(s)and of the e-media. Each part of the term necessarily modifies the meaning of the other."Feminism" (or more properly, "feminisms") has been understood as a historical--andcontemporary--transnational movement for justice and freedom for women, whichdepends on women's activist participation in networked local, national, and internationalgroups. (Everett, 2004: 1278).The study articulates objectives of the campaign (we are all Layla) with objectives of cyber-feminism. However, concepts such as Cyber-grrl, woman Cyborg are kinds of movements that do not exist in the Egyptian society that witnesses a kind of Islamicresurgence which resulted in the emergence of
This research paper uses the term
to identify the discourse of female Egyptian bloggers who used strategies different from those that have beendescribed as Islamic feminist. Those female bloggers did not relate to any specificideology, instead they began, using a postmodern term, with their “mini-narratives”, i.e.their personal stories about injustice inflicted upon Egyptian women and girls. Havingno particular ideology is considered as a strong point in their favor which asserts their uniqueness and originality.The Internet helped Egyptian women to be cyber-activists because they managed toreach advanced level of using the Internet, to be publishers. Women’s usage of andcontribution to the online medium lead to more advanced level of participation, that of representation. The magic words in this arena are blogging, being bloggers, and creatingtheir own blogsphere.The Weblog is one of the most illustrative phenomena that are extending currentlywithin the Web sphere. It is creating a new protagonist within the users and convertingthem into creators. The blogs have a very easy editing process, free access and a potential spread. These are the reasons to consider the blogs one of the emblematicelements and new tool in the new information society. The normal user of Internet, asthe core of this format, is due to be an active part of Internet society. The bloggers areretaking the collaborative spirit they were longing for.The motives to write blogs differ from one to the other. Normally it is considered awindow to express freely personal points of view, sharing private experiences,criticizing social values, culture, economic laws, social behaviors, and politicalrestrictions among others; delivering new thoughts, personal literature, poetry, novels;searching for new knowledge, promoting explorations, analyzing social concepts,3