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Methods of Waste Recycling for Increasing the Soil Fertility.

Methods of Waste Recycling for Increasing the Soil Fertility.

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Published by umairprimus
Methods of Waste Recycling for Increasing the Soil Fertility.
Methods of Waste Recycling for Increasing the Soil Fertility.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: umairprimus on Apr 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Different Methods ofWaste Recycling forIncreasing the SoilFertility.
Prepared By: Umair ShabbirClass: BS (Hons.) 1
YearCourse: Field Crop ProductionDepartment: Agriculture & Agribusiness ManagementSubmitted to: Sir Anwar Araien & Sir Mujeeb Akram
University of Karachi
ntroduction to
Soil fertility is the status of a soil with respect to its ability tosupply elements essential for the plant growth without a toxicconcentration of any element. Fertile soils have an adequate andbalanced supply of elements sufficiently liable or available to satisfythe needs of plants.Soil fertility refers to the amount of nutrients in the soil, which issufficient to support plant life. To be fertile, soil needsmacronutrients, which include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous;micronutrients, which include sulfur, chlorine, copper, manganese,molybdenum, boron, iron, cobalt, magnesium, zinc and chlorine. Itmust contain organic matter and a relatively low pH value. The soilmust also contain micro- and macro-organisms and it must be welldrained.
In desert gardens, particularly those in arid regions, chances arethat most native soils do not contain all (or in some cases any) of theabove characteristics. Arid soils are characteristically low in organicmatter and have high pH values, making them highly alkaline andunsuitable for growing many plants. There are few micro- or macro-organisms living in the soil, helping to break down substances, and thesoil is generally too well drained and incapable of retaining muchmoisture.While these conditions are fine for xeric plants, and those thatare adapted to such conditions, they are harsh for more temperateclimate plants.
Desert soils can be amended by adding organic or syntheticfertilizers, organic material, compost, and topsoil to the mixture.Water-soluble fertilizers tend to pollute over time by adding unwantedsalts to the soil and through runoff. Slow release fertilizers or organicfertilizers are much less harmful to the soil and to the environment.
Fertile soil has the following properties:
It is rich in nutrients necessary for basic plant nutrition, includingnitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
It contains sufficient minerals (trace elements) for plantnutrition, including boron, chlorine, cobalt, copper, iron,manganese, magnesium, molybdenum, sulfur, and zinc.
It contains soil organic matter that improves soil structure andsoil moisture retention.
Soil pH is in the range 6.0 to 6.8.
ood soil structure, creating well drained soil.
A range of microorganisms that support plant growth.
It often contains large amounts of topsoil.
Nitrogen is the element in the soil that is most often lacking.Phosphorus and potassium are also needed in substantial amounts.For this reason these three elements are always included incommercial fertilizers and the content of each of these items isincluded on the bags of fertilizer. For example a 10-10-15 fertilizer has10 percent nitrogen, 10 percent (P2O5) available phosphorus and 15percent (K2O) water soluble potassium. Inorganic fertilizers are

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