The vital signs are BODY TEMPERATURE, PULSE, RESPIRATIONS, AND BLOODPRESSURE.
PAIN ASSESSMENT – recently considered as fifth vital signs
Vital SIGNS reflect changes in function that otherwise might not be observed.
Monitoring a client’s vital signs should not be automatic or routine procedure; it should be athoughtful, scientific assessement
TIMES TO ASSESS VITAL SIGNS:
On admission to health care agency to obtain baseline data
When a client has change in health status or reports symptoms such as chestpain or feeling hot or faint.
Before and/ or after the administration of a medication that could affect therespiratory or cardiovascular systems, for example, before giving digitalispreparation
Before and after any nursing intervention that could affect the vital signs (e.g.ambulating a client who has been on bed rest)